Chippewa County is a county in the Upper peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the population was 38,543. The county seat is Sault Ste. Marie.
- According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,698 square miles (6,988 km²), of which, 1,561 square miles (4,043 km²) of it is land and 1,137 square miles (2,945 km²) of it (42.14%) is water.
- The Michigan Meridian runs through the eastern portion of the county. South of Nine Mile Road, M-129 (Meridian Road) overlays the meridian. In Sault Ste. Marie, Meridian Street north of 12th Avenue overlays the meridian.
Michigan State Trunklines
Chippewa County Intercounty Highways
As of the census
of 2000, there were 38,543 people, 13,474 households, and 8,960 families residing in the county. The population density
was 25 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 19,430 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.88% White
, 5.52% Black
or African American
, 13.31% Native American
, 0.46% Asian
, 0.03% Pacific Islander
, 0.37% from other races
, and 4.43% from two or more races. 1.55% of the population were Hispanic
of any race. 14.9% were of German
, 9.8% English
, 9.0% Irish
, 7.4% French
and 6.0% Polish
ancestry. 95.3% spoke English
and 1.7% Spanish
as their first language.
There were 13,474 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.50% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.50% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county the population was spread out with 21.30% under the age of 18, 11.90% from 18 to 24, 31.80% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 125.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 132.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,464, and the median income for a family was $41,450. Males had a median income of $31,559 versus $22,321 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,858. About 8.90% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.
The county government operates the jail
, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts,
keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records
, administers public health
participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county
board of commissioners
controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In
Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street
maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
Chippewa County elected officials
(information as of September 2005)
Cities, villages, and townships
Bibliography and further reading