Chimaltenango is a town in Guatemala of some 43,900 people (as of 2002). It serves as both the capital of the department of Chimaltenango and the municipal seat for the surrounding municipality of the same name. Chimaltenango stands some 35 miles west of Guatemala City, on the Pan-American Highway.
In Pre-Columbian times what is now the city of Chimaltenango was known as B'oko' . Like many other cities in the area, the Spanish Conquistadores used the name given by their Nahuatl speaking allies from central Mexico. The Nahuatl name was Chimaltenanco, or Shield-Town.