Alaska v. Native Village of Venetie Tribal Government
, 522 U.S. 520
), was a case heard by the Supreme Court of the United States
. The local tribal council
in Venetie, Alaska
, wanted to collect tax
from non-tribal members doing business on tribal lands. The Supreme Court granted certiorari
on appeal from the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
. The Court decided unanimously that the land was not the tribe's land subject to the tribal tax
even though it was owned by the tribe because it was not part of an Native American reservation
. Because all but one reservation in Alaska
(the Annette Island
reservation of the Tsimshian
) had been eliminated by the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act
of 1971, the decision had the practical effect of making almost all Indian tribes in Alaska no longer able to collect taxes on tribal land.
The State of Alaska, the petitioner, was represented by John G. Roberts, who later became the Chief Justice of the United States.