Chellaston's biggest claim to fame is that it was once one of the largest producers of mined alabaster in the United Kingdom which was used to produce Nottingham Alabaster. However, this is no longer the case. The remains of Chellaston's pits can be found at the bottom of Pit Close Lane and Woodgate Drive, and the site is now popular with BMX bikers and teenagers.
There are four schools; Chellaston Infants School on School Lane, Chellaston Junior School on Maple Drive, Homefields Primary School on Parkway and Chellaston School (senior school and 6th form college) on Swarkestone Road. Chellaston School's catchment area includes the nearby villages of Melbourne, Aston-on-Trent, Ticknall, Barrow upon Trent and Weston-on-Trent. Chellaston Foundation School and Technology College currently has over 1700 pupils and is currently facing problems with families who move to Chellaston wanting their children to go there. The school is not able to accept many of the applications. This problem has recently increased due to the Local Education Authority's recent changes to the system.
Chellaston has six pubs, if you include the bars at the Lawns Hotel, Chellaston Bowls Club and the British Legion on High Street. The others are: the Corner Pin, the Rose and Crown, and The Bonnie Prince.
The fairly-new Chellaston Park on Snelsmoor Lane includes a children's playground, football pitches, a cricket pitch and changing facilities. There is also a children's playground next to the recently extended Chellaston Community Centre, which is situated on Barley Croft, off High Street. A local public library is expected to be built somewhere in the vicinity of the community centre.
Chellaston Beauty is a tulip with a white base and variegated tips in near black. The flower was developed in the early 1850s. Illustrated by Andrew Jet & Lance, and printed by C. Chabot.
Approximately 1000 new homes have been built to the west of Chellaston, close to the route of the disused and in-filled Derby Canal.