Charles Dickens Jr

Charles Dickens, Jr

Charles Dickens, Jr, born Charles Culliford Boz Dickens (6 January 1837 – 1896), was the first child of the novelist Charles Dickens (1812–1870). A failed businessman, he became the editor of his father's magazine All the Year Round, and a successful writer of dictionaries. He is now most remembered for his two 1879 books Dickens's Dictionary of London and Dickens's Dictionary of the Thames.

Biography

In 1837, Charles Dickens, Jr was born on 6 January, the first child of the novelist Charles Dickens (1812–1870) and his then-wife Catherine Dickens née Hogarth (1816–1879). He was called "Charley" by family and friends. In 1847 (age 10), he entered the junior department of King's College, London. He went to Eton College, and studied business in Germany. In 1855 (age 18), he entered Barings Bank. In 1858 (age 21), after his parents' separation, he was the only child to live with his mother.

In 1861 (age 24), he married Bessie Evans (Elisabeth Matilda Moule Evans, daughter of Frederick Evans, Dickens Sr's former publisher with whom he had had a falling out). They had 8 children: Mary Angela (1862–1946), Ethel Kate (1864–1936), Charles Walter (1865–1923), Margaret (born 1866, date of death unknown), Dorothy Gertrude (1868–1923), Beatrice (1869–1937), Cecil Mary (born 1871, date of death unknown), and Evelyn Bessie (1873–1924).

In 1866 he was appointed as the first Honorary Secretary of the Metropolitan Regatta

In 1869 (age 32), after a failed business venture, he was hired by Dickens Sr as sub-editor of All the Year Round. In 1870 (age 33), after his father's death, Dickens Jr became the magazine's editor.

He wrote the introductions to many posthumous reprints of his father's books, such as Barnaby Rudge, Little Dorrit, and Sketches by Boz, providing biographical and bibliographical insights.

In 1879 (age 42), he published (jointly with his father-in-law) the first editions of his two main dictionaries, Dickens's Dictionary of London and Dickens's Dictionary of the Thames.

In 1882 (age 45), his dictionaries were picked up by Macmillan & Co. who also released his third dictionary, Dickens's Dictionary of Paris, delayed by verifications explained in its introduction.

In 1896 (age 59), Dickens Jr died (date and cause of death not established ).

Bibliography

His publications include:

  • 1879 - The Life of Charles James Mathews, 2 vols. ("chiefly autobiographical" about Charles James Mathews, edited "with selections from his correspondence and speeches")
  • 1879 - Dickens's Dictionary of London (yearly reeditions until 1896)
  • 1879 - Dickens's Dictionary of the Thames (yearly reeditions until 1896)
  • 1882 - Dickens's Dictionary of Paris (reeditions, probably yearly, until at least 1889, possibly until 1896)


Dickens's Dictionary of London

Dickens's Dictionary of London: An Unconventional Handbook is the main book of Charles Dickens, Jr. It was first published in London in 1879, by "Charles Dickens and Evans" (Dickens Jr and his father-in-law, publisher Frederick Evans).

The book was then updated and reprinted every year until the author's death, from 1880 (second year) to the final 1896-1897 edition (eighteenth year). His dictionaries had been picked up in 1882 by Macmillan & Co. who printed them until 1889, after which it was again published by Dickens and Evans through J. Smith.

In 1972, a facsimile of the 1879 edition was reprinted by Howard Baker Press (London), under the title Dickens's Dictionary of London, 1879: An Unconventional Handbook, ISBN 0-7030-0018-7.

Since 1993, a facsimile of the 1888 edition is reprinted by Old House Books (Devon), under the title Dickens's Dictionary of London, 1888: An Unconventional Handbook, ISBN 1-873590-04-0 (it is unclear whether the 1888 edition was chosen for its connection with the year of Jack the Ripper, or if the later editions were considered inferior). The book was still in print as of 2007.


Dickens's Dictionary of the Thames

Dickens's Dictionary of the Thames, From Oxford to the Nore: An Unconventional Handbook is the second book of Charles Dickens, Jr. The "1880" edition was first published in London in 1879, by "Charles Dickens and Evans" (Dickens Jr and his father-in-law, publisher Frederick Evans). The next 1880 edition and further were slightly retitled to Dickens's Dictionary of the Thames, From Its Source to the Nore: An Unconventional Handbook.

The book was then updated and reprinted every year until the author's death, from 1880 to the final 1896 edition. His dictionaries had been picked up in 1882 by Macmillan & Co. who printed them until 1889, after which it was again published by Dickens and Evans through J. Smith.

In 1972, a facsimile of the 1893 edition was reprinted by Taurus Press (Oxford), under the title Dickens's Dictionary of the Thames, 1893: An Unconventional Handbook With Maps, ISBN 0-903456-00-1.

Since 1994, a facsimile of the 1887 edition is reprinted by Old House Books (Devon), under the title Dickens's Dictionary of the Thames, 1887: An Unconventional Handbook, ISBN 1-873590-12-1(it is unclear whether the 1887 edition was chosen for its close connection with the year of Jack the Ripper, or if the later editions were considered inferior). The book was still in print as of 2007.


References

Sources consulted

External links

Public-domain online works

Search another word or see Charles Dickens Jron Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature