It is from the techniques and doctrines of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), including acupuncture, acupressure, and qigong. According to these practices, the body's vital energy, "qi", circulates through the body along specific interconnected channels called meridians. There is no physically verifiable anatomical or histological proof of their existence. Research is purported to show how transmission of information experienced as qi could be possible through the subcutaneous fascia.
There are about 400 acupuncture points and 20 meridians connecting most of the points, however by the 2nd Century CE, 649 were recognised in China. Such 20 meridians are usually called the "twelve regular channels" or "twelve regular meridians" with each meridian corresponding to each organ; nourishing it and extending to an extremity. There are also "Eight Extraordinary Channels" or "Eight Extraordinary Meridians" two of which have their own sets of points, and the remaining ones connecting points on other channels.
The twelve standard meridians go along the arms and the legs. They are: Lung, Large Intestine, Stomach, Spleen, Heart, Small Intestine, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Pericardium, Triple Warmer (aka Triple Heater), Gall Bladder, and Liver. These terms refer to biological functions and not the structural organ, which is why there are some on the list with no corresponding anatomical structure.
Meridians are divided into Yin and Yang groups. The Yin meridians of the arm are: Lung, Heart, and Pericardium. The Yang meridians of the arm are: Large Intestine, Small Intestine, and Triple Warmer. The Yin Meridians of the leg are Spleen, Kidney, and Liver. The Yang meridians of the leg are Stomach, Bladder, and Gall Bladder.
The table below gives a more systematic list of the meridians:
|Meridian name (Chinese)||Yin / Yang||Hand / Foot||5 elements||Organ|
|Taiyin Lung Channel of Hand (手太阴肺经) or Taiyin Lung Meridian of Hand||Taiyin (greater yin)||Hand (手)||Metal (金)||Lung (肺)|
|Shaoyin Heart Channel of Hand (手少阴心经) or Shaoyin Heart Meridian of Hand||Shaoyin (lesser yin)||Hand (手)||Fire (火)||Heart (心)|
|Jueyin Pericardium Channel of Hand (手厥阴心包经) or Jueyin Pericardium Meridian of Hand||Jueyin (absolute yin)||Hand (手)||Fire (火)||Pericardium (心包)|
|Shaoyang Sanjiao Channel of Hand (手少阳三焦经) or Shaoyang Sanjiao Meridian of Hand||Shaoyang (lesser yang)||Hand (手)||Fire (火)||Triple Heater (三焦)|
|Taiyang Small Intestine Channel of Hand (手太阳小肠经) or Taiyang Small Intestine Meridian of Hand||Taiyang (greater yang)||Hand (手)||Fire (火)||Small Intestine (小肠)|
|Yangming Large Intestine Channel of Hand (手阳明大肠经) or Yangming Large Intestine Meridian of Hand||Yangming (yang brightness)||Hand (手)||Metal (金)||Large Intestine (大腸)|
|Taiyin Spleen Channel of Foot (足太阴脾经) or Taiyin Spleen Meridian of Foot||Taiyin (greater yin)||Foot (足)||Earth (土)||Spleen (脾)|
|Shaoyin Kidney Channel of Foot (足少阴肾经) or Shaoyin Kidney Meridian of Foot||Shaoyin (lesser yin)||Foot (足)||Water (水)||Kidney (腎)|
|Jueyin Liver Channel of Foot (足厥阴肝经) or Jueyin Liver Meridian of Foot||Jueyin (absolute yin)||Foot (足)||Wood (木)||Liver (肝)|
|Shaoyang Gallbladder Channel of Foot (足少阳胆经) or Shaoyang Gallbladder Meridian of Foot||Shaoyang (lesser yang)||Foot (足)||Wood (木)||Gall Bladder (膽)|
|Taiyang Bladder Channel of Foot (足太阳膀胱经) or Taiyang Bladder Meridian of Foot||Taiyang (greater yang)||Foot (足)||Water (水)||Urinary bladder (膀胱)|
|Yangming Stomach Channel of Foot (足阳明胃经) or Yangming Stomach Meridian of Foot||Yangming (yang brightness)||Foot (足)||Earth (土)||Stomach (胃)|
Authors Hernan Garcia and Sierra Antonio argue that the Chinese meridians have their counterpart in the Mayan acupuncture techniques practiced in the Yucatan. They say that the analogous concept is that of wind channels, and that most of the key points in Mayan acupuncture correspond with key acupuncture points in the Chinese meridian model.
Author Alberto Villoldo indicates that these Chinese meridians coincided exactly with the flux lines or cekes which are known to Inca medicine people as rios de luz, rivers of light that flow within the luminous body. The kawak, the seers, can see the rivers of light or cekes along the surface of the skin. And Shamans throughout the Americas rely on their ability to massage the points where it was blocked so that the light could flow freely again.
(non-gap channels, cell backfill's non-tube channels).
Fractal fractal dimension channels and collaterals shape and dissection structure
Channels and collaterals' fractal fractal dimension characteristic is the channels and collaterals shape dissection, the organizational structure foundation and the essence. Why is this also channels and collaterals' dissection structure not easily the basic reason which was discovered by the predecessor. It has promulgated channels and collaterals' fractal fractal dimension characteristic, also revealed for the channels and collaterals mass transfer mechanism opened the new path, enabled to have the fractal dimension characteristic, the similar fractal dimension membrane (filtration, ultra filtered with reverse osmosis) or the chromatographic analysis column type “microscopic dynamic `static shuts activity open' the fractal fractal dimension `cell backfill ' the channels and collaterals model” to arise at the historic moment.
Skeptics of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) often characterize the system as pseudoscientific. Proponents reply that TCM is a prescientific system that continues to have practical relevance. Others will say that this is a simple communication mismatch between the reductionist Western medical system focused on form, and the holistic Eastern system focused on function, and that they are both valid ways to approach development of knowledge.