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Cessna_182

Cessna 182

The Cessna 182, marketed under the name Skylane, is a four-seat, single-engine, light airplane. It has the option of adding two child seats, installed in the baggage area.

Introduced in 1956, the 182 has been produced in a number of variants, including a version with retractable landing gear, and is the second most popular Cessna model, after the 172.

Development

The Cessna 182 was introduced in 1956 as a tricycle gear variant of the 180. In 1957, the 182A variant was introduced along with the name Skylane. Later models have added more powerful engines and bigger windows.

Cessna cites the 1990s resumption in producing general aviation aircraft such as this model due to change in U.S. liability laws. In 2005, Cessna began offering the Garmin G1000 glass cockpit as an optional upgrade to the Skylane. Subsequently the glass cockpit became standard equipment.

Design

The Cessna 182 is an all-metal (mostly aluminum alloy) aircraft, although some parts – such as engine cowling nosebowl and wingtips – are made of fiberglass or thermoplastic material. Its wing has the same planform as the smaller Cessna 172 and the larger 205/206 series; however, some wing details such as flap and aileron design are the same as the 172 and are not like the 205/206 components.

Retractable Gear

The retractable gear R182 and TR182 were offered from 1978 to 1986, without and with engine turbocharging respectively. The nomenclature is confusing, as smaller Cessna singles with optional retractable gear are called "Number"RG (eg 172RG, 177RG), and one sometimes reads or hears of "182RG" in error. However, Cessna called the R182 the "Skylane RG". The R182 and TR182 offer 10-15% improvement in climb and cruise speeds over their fixed gear counterparts (or, alternatively, 10-15% better gas mileage at the same speeds) at the cost of increased maintenance costs and decreased gear robustness.

Engines

  • 182 - One 230 hp (170 kW) Continental O-470-R horizontally opposed six-cylinder engine driving a two blade constant speed propeller.
  • TR182 - One 235 hp (175 kW) Lycoming O-540-L3C5D horizontally opposed turbonormalized six cylinder engine.
  • 182S - One 230 hp (170 kW) Textron Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5.
  • SMA retrofit - One 230 hp (170 kW) SMA SR305-230.

Variants

  • 182 - 1956 - debut
  • 182A - 1957 - higher performance model introduced, Skylane name first used
  • 182B - 1959 - cowl flaps added
  • 182C - added swept tail & third side cabin window
  • 182E - cut down rear fuselage & "omni-vision" wraparound rear window
  • R182 - 1977 - retractable gear variant introduced
  • 182G - elliptical rear side windows
  • 182P - tubular steel undercarriage
  • 182M - 1967 - experimental model with a full cantilever wing
  • 182Q - 1973 - enlarge fin fillet
  • T182 - turbocharged variant
  • 182S - 1996 - resumed production
  • 182T - 2001 - current normally aspirated model
  • T182T - 2001 - current turbocharged model

Aircraft Type Clubs

The Cessna 182 is supported by a number of active aircraft type clubs, including The Cessna Pilots Association and The Cessna 172/182 Club.

Operators

Civil users

The 182 is used, along with 172 aircraft, by the Civil Air Patrol as a platform for the Satellite Digital Imaging System and for search and rescue operations.

Cessna 182s were also built in Argentina by DINFIA (called A182), and by Reims Aviation, France, as the F-182.

Military operators

Five L-182 (Canadian Army) retired 1970

Specifications Cessna 182T

{{aircraft specifications |plane or copter?=plane |jet or prop?=prop |ref={Cessna Skylane 182T Specifications} |crew=1 |capacity=3 passengers |length main= 29 ft 0 in |length alt= 8.8 m |span main= 36 ft 0 in |span alt= 11.0 m |height main= 9 ft 4 in |height alt= 2.8 m |area main= 174 sq ft |area alt= 16.2 m² |airfoil= NACA 2412 |empty weight main= 1,970 lb |empty weight alt= 894 kg |loaded weight main= 3,110 lb |loaded weight alt= 1,411 kg |useful load main= 1,140 lb |useful load alt= 517 kg |max takeoff weight main= 3,100 lb |max takeoff weight alt= 1406 kg |more general= |engine (jet)= |type of jet= |number of jets= |thrust main= lbf |thrust alt= kN |thrust original= |afterburning thrust main= lbf |afterburning thrust alt= kN |engine (prop)= Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5 |type of prop= 3-Bladed Constant Speed |number of props=1 |power main= 230 hp |power alt= 172 kW |power original=

|max speed main= 150 knots |max speed alt= 173 mph, 278 km/h |cruise speed main= 145 knots |cruise speed alt= 167 mph, 269 km/h |never exceed speed main= 175 knots |never exceed speed alt= 201 mph, 324 km/h |stall speed main= 49 knots |stall speed alt= 56 mph, 91 km/h |range main= 930 nmi |range alt= 1,070 mi, 1,722 km |ceiling main= 18,100 ft |ceiling alt= 5,517 m |climb rate main= 924 ft/min |climb rate alt= 4.7 m/s |loading main= 17.8 lb/sq ft |loading alt= 87 kg/m² |thrust/weight= |power/mass main= 0.074 hp/lb |power/mass alt= 122 W/kg |more performance= |armament= |avionics= }}

See also

References

External links

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