Central Australia/Alice Springs Region
is one of the five regions in the Northern Territory
. The term Central Australia is used to describe an area centred on Alice Springs
. It is sometimes referred to as Centralia; likewise the people of the area are sometimes called Centralians. The region is located in the southern part of the Northern Territory
spanning from the west on Western Australia
Border and to the east on the Queensland
, Minister for Home and Territories in the Federal Parliament in the 1920s, thought that the Northern Territory
was too large to be adequately governed, and thus for a short time a separate territory
named Central Australia existed.
Central Australia, like the Northern Territory, had its own Government Resident and administration. The division was along the line of 20 degrees south, down to the South Australian border, and took effect on 1 February 1927 through the North Australia Act 1926. However the territory lasted for less than five years, and was reincorporated into Northern Territory on 12 June 1931.
The main township in Central Australia
is Alice Springs
, however this area also includes all of the desert lands surrounding it. Whilst a few of these townships (such as Barrow Creek
) are stations
(ranches), the vast majority of them are indigenous Australian
communities. The region covers an area of 546,046 km² which is 40% of the Northern Territory.
The centre of Australia
There is no official centre of Australia. The concept has intrigued various people from the time of early European exploration. Central Mount Stuart
, for example, was so-named because it was believed to stand at the geographical centre of Australia. Today, different calculations give varying results but in general they agree on the area within 200 kilometres south of Alice Springs.
Alice Springs, the main focus of Central Australia, is predominantly Anglo-Celtic Australian
, with approximately 25% Aboriginal population, however the surrounding communities which make up Central Australia are almost exclusively Aboriginal
. Therefore, the total population of the area known as Central Australia is approximately 50% Aboriginal. This population is estimated to be approximately 60,000 people.
The Alice Springs Region contains 19 local government areas these include: