Definitions

Center Province

Transport in Cameroon

Railways

Railways in Cameroon are operated by Camrail, a subsidiary of French investment group Bolloré. As of 1995, the country had an estimated 1,104 km of 1.000 m gauge track. In 2007, the traffic on the line was estimated to be 1MT per year freight, including 1 million passengers per year.

Railway links with adjacent countries

Timeline

2008

2007

2006

  • 150 km/h CONTAINER TRAINS FOR AFRICA - At the inauguration of his second term, President Ismael Omer Guelle of Djibouti appealed for a 6,000 km landbridge rail line linking his country's Gulf of Tadjourah to Cameroon on the Gulf of Guinea. Estimated to cost $US6 billion, the line would run through the Sudan and the Central Africa Republic. Neighbouring landlocked countries such as southern Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi would all benefit from improved facilities for import and export traffic, as well as Chad. Pointing out that the trade development, peace and economy of the African continent could be considerably enhanced, Guelle suggested that the project forms part of the investment programme proposed by British Prime Minister Tony Blair during the G8 meeting in Scotland.

"It will take only 48 hours to transport goods between the Red Sea and the Atlantic Ocean using a double-stack container ship carrier express train at an average speed of 150 km/h".

  • NIGERIA WANTS LINK WITH CAMEROON - Stormy talks have characterised attempts to implement the October 2002 decision by the International Court of Justice at The Hague, declaring Cameroon owner of the prized oil-rich Bakassi Peninsula. Nigeria has now demanded a rail link with Cameroon.

Maps

Towns served by rail

Existing

Proposed

  • There are plans to extend from Mbalmayo to Bangui in the Central African Republic.

There are also plans for an iron ore railway, which however might be isolated from existing railways. The distance from the mine to the nearest likely port is about 500km as the crow flies. A connection to the nearest Camrail line at Mbalmayo on the Nyong River would be 350km long. Because of the heavy tonnages to be carried, this railway is likely to be standard gauge. The railway is being designed with Quantm software.

  • Kribi - possible port for iron ore, in addition to existing port for oil from Chad.
  • Grand Batanga - possible port for iron ore.
  • Lolabe - possible port
  • Mbalam - iron ore mines

Closed

Highways

Total highways: 34,300 km
Paved: 4,288 km
Unpaved: 30,012 km (1995 est.)

Cameroon lies at a key point in the Trans-African Highway network, with three routes crossing its territory:

Cameroon's central location in the network means that efforts to close the gaps which exist in the network across Central Africa rely on the Cameroon's participation in maintaining the network, and the network has the potential to have a profound influence on Cameroon's regional trade. It is likely for instance that within a decade a great deal of trade between West Africa and Southern Africa will be moving on the network through Yaoundé.

Prices of petrol rose steadily in 2007 and 2008, leading to a transport union strike in Douala on 25 February 2008. The strike quickly escalated into violent protests and spread to other major cities. The uprising finally subsided on 29 February.

Waterways

2,090 km; of decreasing importance. Includes the Benue river.

Seaports and harbors

Airports

50 (1999 est.)

Airports - with paved runways


total: 11
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (1999 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways


total: 39
1,524 to 2,437 m: 8
914 to 1,523 m: 20
under 914 m: 11 (1999 est.)

References

See also

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