Island (pop., including nearby islands, 2000: 14,946,488), Indonesia. One of the Greater Sunda Islands, it lies in the Malay Archipelago east of Borneo and has an area (including adjacent islands) of 74,005 sq mi (191,671 sq km). The island is mountainous; its tallest peak, Mount Rantekombola, reaches 11,335 ft (3,455 m). Muslims arrived in the 15th century. The Portuguese first visited in 1512 while developing the spice trade of the Moluccas. The first foreign settlement, in 1607 by the Dutch at Macassar (now Makassar), initiated a power rivalry with the native sultans that lasted into the 20th century. Celebes joined Indonesia in 1950, though various rebellions against the central government have been ongoing.
Learn more about Celebes with a free trial on Britannica.com.
A taste of Sulawesi (Celebes): Sulawesi, one of the Greater Sunda Islands is the world's eleventh largest island with a land mass of about 74,000 miles, falling 1,800 square miles short of the tenth spot, which is held by Ellesmere Island in the Canadian arctic. Despite its size, it has a very rich history of coffee cultivation.(Sulawesi Coffee)
Sep 01, 2007; [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Sulawesi is part of the Island Nation of Indonesia, whose general orientation is north of Australia and...