Definitions

Cayuse

Cayuse

[kahy-yoos, kahy-oos]
Cayuse, Native North Americans who formerly occupied parts of NE Oregon and SE Washington. They were closely associated with the Nez Percé and spoke a language belonging to the Sahaptin-Chinook branch of the Penutian linguistic stock (see Native American Languages). A mission was established (1836) among them by Marcus Whitman at Waiilatpu. In 1847 the Cayuse, blaming the missionaries for an outbreak of smallpox, attacked the mission and killed the Whitmans and their helpers. The settlers then declared war and defeated the Cayuse. In 1855 they were placed on the Umatilla Reservation in Oregon, which they continue to share with the Wallawalla and Umatilla peoples; by 1990 they were among the smallest groups of Native Americans, numbering 126. A small horse bred by them gave the name cayuse to all Native American horses (see mustang).

See R. H. Ruby and J. A. Brown, The Cayuse Indians (1972).

Cayuse is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States, located 11 miles east of Pendleton on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. The population was 59 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Pendleton–Hermiston Micropolitan Statistical Area.

According to Oregon Geographic Names, Cayuse, named for the Cayuse people, began as a railroad station and post office, which was established in 1867.

Geography

Cayuse is located at (45.675535, -118.574012).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 59 people, 22 households, and 17 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 20.5 people per square mile (7.9/km²). There were 22 housing units at an average density of 7.6/sq mi (2.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 42.37% White, 1.69% African American, 49.15% Native American, 3.39% from other races, and 3.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.08% of the population.

There were 22 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were non-families. 13.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 3.4% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 126.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.1 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $34,583, and the median income for a family was $38,500. Males had a median income of $23,333 versus $28,750 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $13,311. There were 11.1% of families and 8.1% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 20.0% of those over 64.

References

External links

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