City (pop., 2001: 2,551,337), Uttar Pradesh, northern India. The British acquired it in 1801 and made it one of their frontier stations. In 1857, during the Indian Mutiny, it was the site of the massacre of British troops and civilians by native forces. One of the largest cities in India, it is a hub of road and rail transportation and a major commercial and industrial centre. Its educational institutions include a university and the Indian Institute of Technology.
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