Catledge, Turner

Catledge, Turner

Catledge, Turner, 1901-83, American newspaperman, b. Ackerman, Miss. He worked for several southern newspapers before being hired by the New York Times in 1929. He became a political reporter, eventually heading the Times's Washington bureau. He was made managing editor, and later executive editor, and in 1968 became vice president of the New York Times Company. He semiretired in 1970, remaining a member of the board of directors of the Times until his death.

See his autobiography, My Life and Times (1971).

The Baltimore Sun (officially, just The Sun) is Maryland’s largest general circulation daily newspaper and provides comprehensive coverage of local and regional news, events, issues, people, and industries. The Sun was founded on May 17, 1837, by printer Arunah Shepherdson Abell and two associates. The Abell family owned the paper through 1910, when the Black family gained a controlling interest. The paper was sold in 1986 to the Times-Mirror Company of Los Angeles. The same week, the rival Baltimore News American, owned by the Hearst Corporation, announced it would fold. The Sun, like most legacy newspapers in the United States, has suffered a number of setbacks of late, including a decline in readership, a shrinking newsroom, and competition from a new free daily, The Baltimore Examiner. In 2000, the Times-Mirror company was purchased by the Tribune Company, of Chicago. On September 19, 2005, The Sun introduced a new layout design.

It is frequently referred to as "The Baltimore Sun" to distinguish it from other newspapers of the same name. Its daily edition has a circulation (2007) of 232,000.


Although there is now only a morning edition, for many years there were two distinct newspapers--The Sun in the morning and The Evening Sun in the afternoon--each with its own reporting and editorial staff. The Evening Sun was first published in 1910. In keeping with the nationwide shutdown of p.m. dailies, The Evening Sun ceased publication on September 15, 1995.


The Baltimore Sun's daily sections include News, Opinion (editorial), Books, Business, Entertainment, Sports and Travel pages. The News is covered with two sections with national news on the front page and throughout section "A" and local news on the front page of section "B". Section "B" usually includes obituaries and death notices as well. The Opinion page is usually at the end, or "back page" of the newspapers first section.


The Sunday Sun for many years was noted for a locally-produced rotogravure Maryland pictorial magazine section, featuring works by such acclaimed photographers as A. Aubrey Bodine. The Sunday Sun eventually dropped the Maryland magazine and now carries Parade magazine in its place.


Among writers, editors and cartoonists of prominence on the staff of the Sun papers: Russell Baker, John Carroll, Turner Catledge, Price Day, Edmund Duffy, J. Fred Essary, Thomas Flannery, Jack Germond, Gerald W. Johnson, Kevin P. Kallaugher, Frank R. Kent, William Manchester, H.L. Mencken, Hamilton Owens, Drew Pearson, Louis Rukeyser, David Simon, Raymond S. Tompkins, Paul W. Ward, Mark Watson, Jules Witcover, and Richard Q. Yardley. The paper has won 15 Pulitzer Prizes.


The first issue of The Sun, a four page tabloid, was printed at 21 Light Street in downtown Baltimore in the mid 1830s. A five-story structure, at the corner of Baltimore and South streets was built in 1851. The "Iron Building" was destroyed in the Baltimore fire of 1904. In 1906, operations were moved to Charles and Baltimore streets where the Sun was written, published and distributed for nearly 50 years. In 1950, the operation was moved to a larger, modern plant at Calvert and Centre streets. In 1979, ground was broken for a new addition to the Calvert Street plant to house modern pressroom facilities. The new facility commenced operations in 1981. In April 1988, at a cost of $180 million, the Company purchased 60 acres of land at Port Covington, Baltimore and built Sun Park. The new building houses a satellite printing and packaging facility, as well as the distribution operation. The Sun's printing facility at Sun Park has highly sophisticated, computerized presses, automated inserting equipment in the packaging area to keep pace with the speed of the presses and Automated Guided Vehicles; "intelligent" electronic forklifts that deliver the newsprint to the presses.



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