Caroline

Caroline

[kar-uh-lahyn, -lin]
Caroline, Fort: see Fort Caroline.

(born Oct. 23, 1906, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died Nov. 30, 2003, Wyckoff, N.J.) U.S. swimmer, the first woman to swim the English Channel. She set women's world freestyle records in the early 1920s, and in 1924 she won a gold medal (400-m freestyle relay) and two bronze medals (100-m and 400-m freestyle) at the Olympic Games. In 1926 she swam the 35-mi (56-km) English Channel in 14 hours 31 minutes, breaking the men's record by 1 hour 59 minutes.

Learn more about Ederle, Gertrude (Caroline) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Oct. 23, 1906, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died Nov. 30, 2003, Wyckoff, N.J.) U.S. swimmer, the first woman to swim the English Channel. She set women's world freestyle records in the early 1920s, and in 1924 she won a gold medal (400-m freestyle relay) and two bronze medals (100-m and 400-m freestyle) at the Olympic Games. In 1926 she swam the 35-mi (56-km) English Channel in 14 hours 31 minutes, breaking the men's record by 1 hour 59 minutes.

Learn more about Ederle, Gertrude (Caroline) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Archipelago, western Pacific Ocean. Lying south of the Philippines, the islands cover a land area of about 460 sq mi (1,190 sq km). Formerly part of the U.S.-administered Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the group consists of several larger islands, including Yap, Pohnpei, Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae, and Babelthuap, as well as many small coral islets and reefs. Though explored by the Spanish in the 16th century, they were rarely visited until Germany took them in 1899. Granted as a mandate to Japan after World War I, they were placed under U.S. trusteeship in 1947. The islands became the Federated States of Micronesia in 1986, with the exception of Palau (Babelthuap and associated islands), which became independent in 1994.

Learn more about Caroline Islands with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Caroline is a town in Tompkins County, New York, USA. The population was 2,910 at the 2000 census.

The Town of Caroline is on the county's southeast border and is southeast of Ithaca, New York.

History

The town was first settled around 1794 while the region was still part of Tioga County. Caroline was part of the Watkins and Flint Purchase (1791).

The Town of Caroline was formed from the Town of Spencer (now in Tioga County) in 1811.

In 2004 Caroline became the 8th municipality in New York State to purchase wind power to provide part of the municipal electrical needs; in 2005 it became the 2nd municipality to purchase wind power for 100% of its electricity use.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 55.1 square miles (142.7 km²), of which, 55.0 square miles (142.5 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.13%) is water.

The east and south town lines are the border of Tioga County, New York.

New York State Route 79 crosses the town.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,910 people, 1,161 households, and 758 families residing in the town. The population density was 52.9 people per square mile (20.4/km²). There were 1,254 housing units at an average density of 22.8/sq mi (8.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.85% White, 3.09% African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.37% of the population.

There were 1,161 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $43,315, and the median income for a family was $51,983. Males had a median income of $35,375 versus $26,587 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,531. About 6.9% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over. The majority of the residents of the Caroline area commute to the Ithaca area.

The Town of Caroline is served by 4 school districts Ithaca (city), New York, Dryden (village), New York,Newark Valley (village), New York and Candor (village), New York. Caroline Elementary School serves the northern and central portions of the town. Brooktondale Baptist School, sponsored by Brooktondale Baptist Church, closed around 2002, although the parish community continues.

Communities and locations in Caroline

  • Besemer (formerly "Besemer Depot") -- A location on NY-79 in the northwest corner of the town.
  • Brooktondale -- A hamlet near the west town line.
  • Caroline -- A hamlet of Caroline is on NY-70 at the north town line.
  • Caroline Center (formerly "Centerville") -- A hamlet centrally located in the town.
  • Caroline Depot -- A hamlet in the northwest part of the town and south of Brooktondale.
  • Guide Board Corners -- A location south of Slaterville Springs.
  • Slaterville Springs (formerly "Slaterville") -- A hamlet on NY-79, home of Caroline Town Hall.
  • Speedsville -- A hamlet in the southeast corner of the town.
  • West Slaterville (formerly "Boiceville) -- A hamlet on NY-79 near the north town line. It was the site of the first town meeting.
  • White Church -- A hamlet in the southwest part of Caroline.

Education

Students in the Town of Caroline are dispersed into several school districts: Dryden, Ithaca, Candor, and Newark Valley. Two schools located within the town are the Caroline Elementary School of the Ithaca City School District and the Brooktondale Baptist School.

References

External links

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