Carol Reed


For the New York weathercaster, see Carol Reed (weather broadcaster).

Sir Carol Reed (30 December, 190625 April, 1976) was an English film director, winner of an Academy Award for his film version of the musical, Oliver! (1968).

An illegitimate son of actor-producer Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree and his mistress, May Pinney Reed, Carol Reed was born in Putney, London, and educated at The King's School, Canterbury.

Reed served in the British Army during the Second World War, giving him many experiences which appeared in his later films. He embarked on an acting career while still in his teens, but soon went into the role of producer/director, and was responsible for The Stars Look Down (1939), Kipps (1941), Odd Man Out (1947), The Fallen Idol (1948), The Third Man (1949), Outcast of the Islands (1952), Our Man in Havana (1959), and The Agony and the Ecstasy (1965), becoming a prime essayist of film versions of the novels of Graham Greene.

From 1943 until 1947, he was married to the elegant British film star Diana Wynyard. After their divorce, he married, in 1948, the actress Penelope Dudley Ward, also known as Pempie, the elder daughter of Freda Dudley Ward, who had been a mistress of the Prince of Wales, later Edward VIII of the United Kingdom and Duke of Windsor. They had one son, Max, and a nephew was the actor Oliver Reed. His stepdaughter, Miss Ward's daughter, Tracy Reed, acted in numerous films, notably as the only woman in Dr. Strangelove.

In 1953, he became the first British film director to be knighted for his craft.

Carol Reed died from a heart attack on 25 April, 1976 at his home in Chelsea, London at the age of 69.


  1. Follow Me! (1972)
  2. Flap (1970)
  3. Oliver! (1968)
  4. The Agony and the Ecstasy (1965)
  5. The Running Man (1963)
  6. Mutiny on the Bounty (1962) (uncredited) (some scenes)
  7. Our Man in Havana (1959)
  8. The Key (1958)
  9. Trapeze (1956)
  10. A Kid for Two Farthings (1955)
  11. The Man Between (1953)
  12. Outcast of the Islands (1952)
  13. The Third Man (1949)
  14. The Fallen Idol (1948)
  15. Odd Man Out (1947)
  16. The True Glory (1945) (uncredited)
  17. The Way Ahead (1944)
  18. The New Lot (1943)
  19. The Young Mr. Pitt (1942)
  20. A Letter from Home (1941)
  21. Kipps (1941)
  22. Night Train to Munich (1940)
  23. Girl in the News (1940)
  24. The Stars Look Down (1939)
  25. A Girl Must Live (1939)
  26. Climbing High (1938)
  27. Bank Holiday (1938)
  28. Penny Paradise (1938)
  29. Who's Your Lady Friend? (1937)
  30. Talk of the Devil (1937)
  31. Laburnum Grove (1936)
  32. Midshipman Easy (1935)
  33. It Happened in Paris (1935)

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