Carmichael

Carmichael

[kahr-mahy-kuhl]
Carmichael, Hoagy (Hoagland Howard Carmichael), 1899-1981, American songwriter, pianist, and singer, b. Bloomington, Ind. While still a student at Indiana Univ. he was influenced by a number of jazz musicians. Several of his jazz tunes, e.g., "Riverboat Shuffle" (1924), became popular in the 1920s. He went on to write many songs, of which "Stardust" (1929) is best known. Others include "Georgia on My Mind" (1930), "The Nearness of You" (1938), "Skylark" (1942), and "In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening" (1951, Academy Award). Carmichael also played in and recorded with a number of bands. His easygoing charm made him a popular celebrity and was apparent in his film roles, e.g., in To Have and Have Not (1944) and Young Man with a Horn (1950).

See his The Stardust Road (1946) and Sometimes I Wonder (with S. Longstreet, 1965).

Carmichael, Stokely, 1941-98, African-American social activist, b. Trinidad. He lived in New York City after 1952 and graduated from Howard Univ. in 1964. Carmichael participated in the Congress of Racial Equality's "freedom rides" in 1961, and by 1964 was a field organizer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in Alabama. As SNCC chair in 1966, he ejected more moderate leaders and set off a storm of controversy by calling for "black power," a concept he elaborated in a 1967 book (with C. Hamilton). His increasingly separatist politics isolated him from most of the civil-rights movement, and he emigrated to Conakry, Guinea, in 1969. There he spent the rest of his life, calling himself a pan-African revolutionary but largely relegated to the political fringe. He changed his name to Kwame Ture, and was briefly married to the singer Miriam Makeba. His memoir Ready for Revolution was posthumously published in 2003.
Carmichael, uninc. residential city (1990 pop. 48,702), Sacramento co., N central Calif., on the American River. Light manufacturing and agriculture form the basis of the economy.
orig. Hoagland Howard Carmichael

Hoagy Carmichael.

(born Nov. 22, 1899, Bloomington, Ind., U.S.—died Dec. 27, 1981, Rancho Mirage, Calif.) U.S. songwriter. While studying law in Indiana, he met many jazz musicians, including Bix Beiderbecke, who recorded Carmichael's first composition, “Riverboat Shuffle” (1924). The relaxed tunefulness of later songs such as “Georgia (Georgia on My Mind),” “Rockin' Chair,” and “Lazy River” gave them a universal appeal. For Hollywood films he wrote “Thanks for the Memory,” “Two Sleepy People,” “Heart and Soul,” and “In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening” (1951, Academy Award). His “Stardust” is reputedly the most recorded popular song of all time. He acted in several films, including To Have and Have Not (1944) and Young Man with a Horn (1950), and wrote the memoirs The Stardust Road (1946) and Sometimes I Wonder (1965).

Learn more about Carmichael, Hoagy with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Hoagland Howard Carmichael

Hoagy Carmichael.

(born Nov. 22, 1899, Bloomington, Ind., U.S.—died Dec. 27, 1981, Rancho Mirage, Calif.) U.S. songwriter. While studying law in Indiana, he met many jazz musicians, including Bix Beiderbecke, who recorded Carmichael's first composition, “Riverboat Shuffle” (1924). The relaxed tunefulness of later songs such as “Georgia (Georgia on My Mind),” “Rockin' Chair,” and “Lazy River” gave them a universal appeal. For Hollywood films he wrote “Thanks for the Memory,” “Two Sleepy People,” “Heart and Soul,” and “In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening” (1951, Academy Award). His “Stardust” is reputedly the most recorded popular song of all time. He acted in several films, including To Have and Have Not (1944) and Young Man with a Horn (1950), and wrote the memoirs The Stardust Road (1946) and Sometimes I Wonder (1965).

Learn more about Carmichael, Hoagy with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Carmichael is a census-designated place (CDP) in Sacramento County, California, United States. It is part of the SacramentoArden-ArcadeRoseville Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 49,742 at the 2000 census.

Geography and geology

Carmichael is located at (38.639431, -121.321348). According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 10.9 square miles (28.2 km²), of which, 10.8 square miles (27.9 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (1.01%) is water.

There have been several subsurface releases of hazardous materials in Carmichael.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 49,742 people, 20,631 households, and 13,224 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 4,622.2 people per square mile (1,784.9/km²). There were 21,383 housing units at an average density of 1,987.0/sq mi (767.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 86.61% White, 2.69% African American, 0.83% Native American, 3.58% Asian, 0.27% Pacific Islander, 2.09% from other races, and 3.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.99% of the population.

There were 20,631 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $47,041, and the median income for a family was $59,002. Males had a median income of $40,435 versus $32,265 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $26,811. About 6.4% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature Carmichael is located in the 1st and 6th Senate Districts, represented by Republican Dave Cox and Democrat Darrell Steinberg respectively, and in the 5th and 10th Assembly Districts, represented by Republicans Roger Niello and Alan Nakanishi respectively. Federally, Carmichael is located in California's 3rd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +7 and is represented by Republican Dan Lungren.

Carmichael Schools

Elementary Schools

  • Albert Schweitzer Elementary
  • Cameron Ranch Elementary
  • Carmichael Elementary
  • Charles Peck Elementary
  • Coyle Ave. Elementary
  • Del Dayo Elementary
  • Garfield Elementary
  • Mary A. Deterding Elementary
  • Mission Ave. Elementary
  • Thomas Kelly Elementary

Junior High Schools

  • Barrett, John Middle School
  • Churchill, Winston Middle School
  • Our Lady of the Assumption Catholic School (K-8)
  • Ralph Richardson School
  • St. John the Evangelist Catholic School (K-8)
  • Starr King Middle School

High Schools

Points of interest

Carmichael Park

Carmichael Park is a major 38 acre park in the town. The park includes 5 ballfields and 6 tennis courts. The Community Clubhouse, Veterans' Memorial Building, the Daniel Bishop Memorial Pavilion for the Performing Arts, and the Great Wall of Carmichael are all located within the park.

Jensen Botanical Gardens

The Jensen Botanical Gardens are located at 8520 Fair Oaks Boulevard. The gardens exhibit a variety of flora including camellias, dogwoods, azaleas, and rhododendrons.

Chautauqua Playhouse

The Chautauqua Playhouse has been located in the La Sierra Community Center since 1985. The 95-seat theater shows comedies, dramas, and musicals. In addition, it has a children's theater with performances held on Saturdays. Chautauqua Playhouse is located at 5325 Engle Road (between Walnut Avenue and Fair Oaks Boulevard).

Ancil Hoffman Park

Ancil Hoffman Park is a major park located within the American River Parkway in Carmichael, California. It is a 396 acre park. A major feature of the park is the Effie Yeaw Nature Center. The oak-canopied park is bordered on two sides by the American River. Reconstructed Maidu Indian homes are throughout the park. The Ancil Hoffman Golf Course is also part of the park. Many species of animals can be seen, including wild turkey, deer, coyotes and hawks. One can access the park by taking the Watt Avenue exit off Highway 50.

American River Parkway

The American River Parkway is a 23 mile parkway that runs along the American River throughout Sacramento County, California. The parkway consists of many smaller parks and boat launching points. It can be accessed by various exits off Highway 50 in Sacramento County.

Famous People

See also

References

External links

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