Carlsbad

Carlsbad

[kahrlz-bad]
Carlsbad: see Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic.
Carlsbad. 1 City (1990 pop. 63,126), San Diego co., S Calif., on the Pacific coast; settled in the 1880s, inc. 1952. Carlsbad is a booming San Diego suburb; its population more than tripled from 1970 to 1990. It has electronic and aircraft industries, machine shops, and a silica quarry. Major agricultural products are tomatoes and flowers. Flower fields in bloom, golf courses, mineral springs, freshwater and tidewater lagoons, theme parks, and water-sports facilities draw visitors. 2 City (1990 pop. 24,952), seat of Eddy co., SE N.Mex., on the Pecos River, in a grazing and irrigated farming area; settled 1888, inc. 1918. Potash mining and tourism are important, and retirement homes are multiplying. The Carlsbad reclamation project, begun in 1906, irrigates more than 20,000 acres (8,000 hectares) and provides water recreation. A branch of New Mexico State Univ. is in Carlsbad. Nearby are Carlsbad Caverns National Park and the Living Desert State Park. Outside Carlsbad is the controversial Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, cut deep into rock salt formations as a storage facility for high-level nuclear wastes.

(Aug. 6–31, 1819) Resolutions issued by German leaders to suppress liberal and nationalistic tendencies. Meeting at Carlsbad, Bohemia (now Karlovy Vary, Cz.Rep.), the conference of ministers from the major German states agreed to Prince von Metternich's proposals advocating censorship, the disbanding of the Burschenschaft groups, and the creation of a commission to ferret out conspiratorial organizations. In the long run, the repressive decrees failed to stifle German nationalism or liberal developments.

Learn more about Carlsbad Decrees with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Preserve, southeastern New Mexico, U.S. Established as a national monument in 1923 and as a national park in 1930, it covers 73 sq mi (189 sq km). Beneath the surface winds a maze of underground chambers; one of the largest caverns ever discovered, the Big Room, is about 2,000 ft (600 m) long and 1,100 ft (330 m) wide, and its ceiling arches 255 ft (78 m) above the floor. In the summer a colony of bats inhabits a part of the caverns known as Bat Cave.

Learn more about Carlsbad Caverns National Park with a free trial on Britannica.com.

German Karlsbad or Carlsbad

City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 53,857), western Czech Republic. A health resort with sulfur springs, it was developed in 1358 by Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV. The Carlsbad Decrees were drawn up there in 1819.

Learn more about Karlovy Vary with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Carlsbad or Karlsbad is a German placename meaning "Charles's spa".

Localities called Carlsbad or Karlsbad include:

Places in the United States named Carlsbad include:

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