Carl Anthony Brasseaux (born August 19, 1951) is a historian of French Colonial North America, and particularly of Louisiana and the Cajun people. He helped to pioneer the field of Cajun history, and his published works on this topic represent the first serious, in-depth examination of the history of the ethnic group.
Brasseaux was born in Opelousas, the seat of St. Landry Parish, in south Louisiana. He grew up in the prairie Cajun town of Sunset. He received his bachelor of arts and Master of Arts degrees from the University of Louisiana at Lafayette, then named the University of Southwestern Louisiana. He obtained his doctorate in North American studies at the Université de Paris (otherwise commonly known as the Sorbonne or La Sorbonne).
Brasseaux is director of the Center for Louisiana Studies, as well as of the Center for Cultural and Eco-Tourism, both located at UL-L. He is a member of the university history department and has served as curator of the Colonial Records Collections.
At the Center for Louisiana Studies, Brasseaux is involved with Louisiana Digital Folklore Archive. This massive collection includes the Center for Acadian and Creole Folklore — regarded as the largest compilation of media resources pertaining to these two south Louisiana ethnic groups.
Brasseaux serves as managing editor of two state history journals, Louisiana History and Louisiana Historical Quarterly.
He has written fiction under the pseudonym Antoine Bourque.
In 1991, the French government awarded Brasseaux the title of Chevalier in l'Order des Palmes Académiques, an honor reserved for those whose scholarly pursuits are deemed to contribute significantly to French culture.
Brasseaux has published more than 30 books, including:
He is also the editor of the two-volume A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography (1988), a valuable tool for researchers in multiple fields of study.