Carl (Clinton)

Carl (Clinton)

Van Doren, Carl (Clinton), 1885-1950, American editor and author, b. Hope, Vermilion co., Ill., grad. Univ. of Illinois, 1907, Ph.D. Columbia, 1911; brother of Mark Van Doren. He lectured at Columbia from 1911 and was an associate in English until 1930. He was literary editor of the Nation (1919-22) and Century Magazine (1922-25), managing editor of The Cambridge History of American Literature (1917-21) and editor of the Literary Guild (1926-34). His writings include critical works, such as Many Minds (1924), American Literature: an Introduction (1933), a study of Sinclair Lewis (1933), and The American Novel, 1789-1939 (1940); fiction, such as The Ninth Wave (1926); historical works, such as his Secret History of the American Revolution (1941) and The Great Rehearsal (1948); and biographies, such as those of Thomas Love Peacock (1911), Jonathan Swift (1930), and Benjamin Franklin (1938; Pulitzer Prize).

See his autobiography, Three Worlds (1936).

Carl Clinton Van Doren (September 10, 1885July 18, 1950) was a U.S. critic and Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer. He was the brother of Mark Van Doren and the uncle of Charles Van Doren.

Born in Hope, Vermilion County, Illinois, Van Doren was the son of a country doctor and was raised on the family farm. He earned a bachelor of arts from the University of Illinois in 1907 and a doctorate from Columbia University in 1911 and continued to teach there until 1930. He was a world federalist and once said, "It is obvious that no difficulty in the way of world government can match the danger of a world without it"

Van Doren's study The American Novel, published in 1921, is generally credited with helping to re-establish Herman Melville's critical status as first-rate literary master.

From 1912 to 1935, Van Doren was married to Irita Bradford, editor of the New York Herald Tribune book review. He married Jean Wright Gorman in 1939, but divorced in 1945.

Van Doren died in Torrington, Connecticut.

A residence hall at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is named after Carl Clinton Van Doren.

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