Track racing is also done on grass tracks marked out on flat sportsfields. Such events are particularly common during the summer in Scotland at Highland Games gatherings, but there are also regular summer events in England.
Handlebars on track bikes used for longer events such as the points race are similar to the drop bars found on road bicycles. The riding position is also similar to the road racing position.
In the sprint event the rider's position is more extreme compared with a road rider. The bars are lower and the saddle is higher and more forward. Bars are often narrower with a deeper drop. Steel bars are still used by many sprinters for their higher rigidity and durability.
In timed events such as the pursuit and the kilo, riders often use aerobars or 'triathlon bars' similar to those found on road time trial bicycles, allowing the rider to position the arms closer together in front of the body. This results in a more horizontal back and presents the minimum frontal area to reduce drag. Aerobars can be separate bars that are attached to time trial or bull horn bars, or they can be part of a one-piece monocoque design. Use of aerobars is permitted only in pursuit and time trial events.
Formats of track cycle races are also heavily influenced by aerodynamics. If one rider closely follows, they draft or slipstream another, because the leading rider pushes air around themselves; any rider closely following has to push out less air than the lead rider and thus can travel at the same speed while expending less effort. This fact has led to a variety of racing styles that allow clever riders or teams to exploit this tactical advantage, as well as formats that simply test strength, speed and endurance.
During the early 1990s in individual pursuit events, some riders, most notably Graeme Obree, adopted a straight-armed Superman-like position with their arms fully extended horizontally, but this position was subsequently outlawed by the Union Cycliste Internationale, the sport's ruling body. Recumbent bicycles can actually be ridden faster, but are banned from UCI competition. The International Human Powered Vehicle Association is a separate organisation that runs recumbent races, including the human-powered speed record.
The sport also has significant followings in Japan and Australia. It is part of the Summer Olympic Games, and there are UCI Track World Championships as well as circuits of professional events in many areas.
In the United States, track racing reached a peak of popularity in the 1930s when six-day races were held in Madison Square Garden in New York. The word "Madison" is still used as the name for this type of race in six-day racing.
Some of the most common race formats include:
Cities that host the Summer Olympic games usually construct a new velodrome for the event. World-class competition quality tracks not yet included in this section are located in Moscow, Seoul, Barcelona, Sydney and Athens.
|Dunc Gray velodrome||Sydney, New South Wales||Constructed for 2000 Summer Olympics|
|Darebin Indoor Sports Center (DISC)||Melbourne, Victoria||Banked. Built 2004.|
|Silverdome||Launceston, Tasmania||First indoor track in Australia Banked. Built 1984.|
|Glenmore Velodrome||Calgary, Alberta||39 degree banked, 400m outdoor concrete track.|
|Forest City Velodrome||London, Ontario||50 degree banked, 138m track constructed in 2005.|
|Burnaby Velodrome||Vancouver||200m track constructed mid-1990s|
|Juan de Fuca Velodrome||Victoria, British Columbia||333m track constructed for the 1994 Commonwealth Games|
|Laoshan Velodrome||Beijing||Constructed for 2008 Summer Olympics|
|The Calshot Velodrome||Calshot (near Southampton)||Short steeply banked track|
|Herne Hill Velodrome||London||a track in a shallow concrete bowl, constructed in 1891.|
|Maindy Stadium||Cardiff||460m outdoor concrete track with 25 degree bankins, used in the 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games|
|Manchester Velodrome||Manchester||250m track constructed in 1994|
|Meadowbank Velodrome||Edinburgh||250m outdoor wooden track constructed in 1985, used in the 1986 Commonwealth Games|
|Wales National Velodrome||Newport||Welsh National Velodrome opened in 2003|
|7-Eleven United States Olympic Training Center Velodrome||Colorado Springs, CO||333.3 meter outdoor track with 33 degree banking. Constructed in 1982 in preparation for the 1984 Olympics in LA.|
|Major Taylor Veldrome||Indianapolis, IN||MTV is a 333.34 meter outdoor track with banked turns of 28 degrees and straights banked at 9 degrees. Has been the home for many national and international competitions, including the 1987 Pan American Games.|
|National Sports Center Velodrome||Blaine, Minnesota (near Minneapolis)||333m outdoor wooden track, 43 degree banking; constructed in 1990.|
|Dick Lane Velodrome||East Point, Georgia (near Atlanta)||323.4m outdoor concrete track, 36 degree max banking.|
|The Alkek Velodrome||Houston, Texas||33 degree banked, outdoor concrete track, 333.33m.|
|The Superdrome||Frisco, Texas (near Dallas)||44 degree banked, outdoor wooden track, 250m.|
|Kenosha Velodrome||Kenosha, Wisconsin||27 degree banked, outdoor, 333m; constructed in 1927.|
|Asheville Velodrome||Asheville, North Carolina||4-8 degree banked, outdoor, 500m. Converted race car track.|
|LA Velodrome||Los Angeles County (Carson), California||250m track constructed in 2004|
|Alpenrose Velodrome||Portland, Oregon||44 degree banked, outdoor track.|
|Marymoor Velodrome||Redmond, Washington||25 degree banked, 400m outdoor concrete track; built 1974, resurfaced 2005.|
|Kissena Velodrome||Flushing, Queens (New York City, New York)||400m outdoor; constructed in 1962, resurfaced in 2004.|
|Lehigh Valley Velodrome||Trexlertown, Pennsylvania||28 degree banked, 333m outdoor concrete track; built 1975, renovated 1996.|
|San Diego Velodrome||San Diego, California||27 degree banked, 333.3m outdoor concrete track, built 1976|
|Ed Rudolph Velodrome||Northbrook, Illinois (near Chicago)||18 degree banked, 382m outdoor asphalt track, built 1959, renovated 2004.|
|Hellyer Park Velodrome||San Jose, California||333m outdoor concrete track|
|The Velodrome at Bloomer Park||Rochester Hills, Michigan||44° banking, 200 meter outdoor track build in 2002|
|Penrose Park||St. Louis, Missouri||28 degree banked, 322m outdoor concrete track, built 1962 (hosted Nat'l Championships in 1962), resurfaced in 1984 and 2005|
|New England Velodrome||Londonderry, New Hampshire||14 degree banked, 318m outdoor asphalt track, the track is primarily used for karting, however track events are held twice weekly.|
|Encino Velodrome||Encino, CA||28 degree banked, 250m outdoor concrete track.|
|Brian Piccolo Velodrome||Cooper City, FL (near Fort Lauderdale)||Two outdoor tracks: 30 degree 333.3 meter competitive track and 10 degree 200 meter recreational track.|
|Millenáris||Budapest||412m outdoor concrete track, built 1896|