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Canadian National Parks

List of National Parks of Canada

This is a list of National Parks of Canada. Canadian National Parks preserve both spectacular and representative areas of the country, located in every one of the nation's 13 provinces and territories. The goal of the national park service is to create a system of protected areas which represent all the distinct natural regions of the country. Parks Canada the governing and administration body for the system has developed a plan identifying 39 different regions it aims to represent. As of 2005, Parks Canada reports that the system is more than 60% complete. Canada's parks are managed primarily to protect the ecological integrity of the park, and secondarily to allow the public to explore, learn about and enjoy Canada's natural spaces. As of 2005, feasability studies have been undertaken for establishing further national parks in four areas: Wolf Lake in Yukon, South Okanagan-Lower Similkameen in British Columbia, Manitoba Lowlands (north-western Lake Winnipeg) and Mealy Mountains in Labrador.

As of 2008, there are 36 National Parks and six National Park Reserves. Not included among the total is Kluane National Park and Reserve, which is considered both a National Park and a Reserve. This list also includes the country's two National Marine Conservation Areas (NMCAs), the lone National Landmark, and three future parks.

National Parks and National Park Reserves

A National Park Reserve is an area that has been set aside with the intention of becoming a national park, pending the settlement of native land claims. Until then, they are managed as national parks under the National Parks Act.

Name Location Area Established
Aulavik National Park Northwest Territories 1992
Auyuittuq National Park Nunavut 2001
Banff National Park Alberta 1885
Bruce Peninsula National Park Ontario 1987
Cape Breton Highlands National Park Nova Scotia 1936
Elk Island National Park Alberta 1913
Forillon National Park Quebec 1970
Fundy National Park New Brunswick 1948
Georgian Bay Islands National Park Ontario 1929
Glacier National Park British Columbia 1886
Grasslands National Park Saskatchewan 1981
Gros Morne National Park Newfoundland 1973
Gulf Islands National Park Reserve British Columbia 2003
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site British Columbia 1988
Ivvavik National Park Yukon 1984
Jasper National Park Alberta 1907
Kejimkujik National Park Nova Scotia 1968
Kluane National Park and Reserve Yukon 1972
Kootenay National Park British Columbia 1920
Kouchibouguac National Park New Brunswick 1969
La Mauricie National Park Quebec 1970
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve Quebec 1984
Mount Revelstoke National Park British Columbia 1914
Nahanni National Park Reserve Northwest Territories 1976
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve British Columbia 1970
Point Pelee National Park Ontario 1918
Prince Albert National Park Saskatchewan 1927
Prince Edward Island National Park Prince Edward Island 1937
Pukaskwa National Park Ontario 1978
Quttinirpaaq National Park Nunavut 2001
Riding Mountain National Park Manitoba 1929
Sirmilik National Park Nunavut 2001
St. Lawrence Islands National Park Ontario 1914
Terra Nova National Park Newfoundland 1957
Torngat Mountains National Park Reserve Labrador 2005
Tuktut Nogait National Park Northwest Territories 1996
Ukkusiksalik National Park Nunavut 2003
Vuntut National Park Yukon 1995
Wapusk National Park Manitoba 1996
Waterton Lakes National Park Alberta 1895
Wood Buffalo National Park Alberta/Northwest Territories 1922
Yoho National Park British Columbia 1886

Future National Parks and National Park Reserves

Name Location Area
Naats'ihch'oh National Park Reserve Northwest Territories
Thaydene Nene National Park Northwest Territories Approx.

Abolished National Parks

Name Location Established Abolished
Buffalo National Park Alberta 1909 1947
Menissawok National Park Saskatchewan 1922 1930
Nemiskam National Park Alberta 1914 1947
Wawaskesy National Park Alberta 1922 1938

National Marine Conservation Areas

National Marine Conservation Areas (NMCAs) are a relatively new addition to the park system. These areas have a different mandate than their terrestrial counterparts. They are designed for sustainable use, although they usually also contain areas designed to protect ecological integrity.

Name Location Area Established
Fathom Five National Marine Park Ontario 1987
Saguenay–St. Lawrence Marine Park Quebec 1998

Future National Marine Conservation Areas

The government has announced plans to add five more Marine parks to the system as part of the Marine Conservation Areas Act. The first to be officially announced was Lake Superior National Marine Conservation Area, although a date of opening has not yet been revealed. Other areas under negotiation are the southern Strait of Georgia and Gwaii Haanas in British Columbia and there are discussions to study the feasibility of an area on the southern coast of Newfoundland.
Name Location Area
Lake Superior National Marine Conservation Area Ontario

National Landmark

In addition to national parks, a National Landmarks program was established in 1978 but has not yet been expanded beyond a single property. Landmarks were intended to protect specific natural features considered "outstanding, exceptional, unique, or rare to this country. These natural features would typically be isolated entities and of scientific interest.

Name Location Area Established
Pingo National Landmark Northwest Territories 1984

See also

Parks in Canada's provinces and territories

Provincial parks are administered and funded by the provincial governments, however some provincial parks are categorized as national parks (Category II) under the IUCN's Protected Area Management Categories.

References

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