is a monotypic genus
of flowering plant
in the palm
family native to New Caledonia
. The sole species Campecarpus fulcitus
is closely related to the Cyphophoenix
palms with which it shares the island chain. The genus name is a combination of the Greek
words for "curved" and "fruit", and the epithet is Latin
for "propped up", an allusion to the stilt roots.
The trunk is solitary to 15 m in height, at 13 cm wide, supported by a nearly 2 m tall mass of stilt roots
. Prominently ringed by scars, the trunks are topped off by a tall green to white crownshaft
with a bulging base. The leaves
are pinnate up to 3 m long with 1 m long, single-fold, dark green leaflets; rachis and petiole scaly to tomentose.
The inflorescence is interfoliar, once or twice branched and hairy. The male and female flowers are borne in triads at the base of the rachilla and are solitary or in pairs towards the end. The fruit is slightly ovoid, epicarp smooth, mesocarp fleshy and fibrous, with one similarly shaped seed.
Distribution and habitat
It is restricted to New Caledonia's southern end where it grows in low, wet, mountainous rain forest
and on serpentine