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Calvin Ellis Stowe

Calvin Ellis Stowe

Stowe, Calvin Ellis, 1802-86, American educator, b. Natick, Mass., grad. Bowdoin College, 1824, and Andover Theological Seminary, 1828; husband of Harriet Beecher Stowe. He was professor of Greek (1831-33) at Dartmouth and of sacred literature (1833-50) at Lane Theological Seminary, Cincinnati, of which Lyman Beecher was president. He married Harriet Beecher in 1836. He was also professor of religion (1850-52) at Bowdoin and of sacred literature (1852-64) at Andover Theological Seminary. While in Cincinnati, Stowe became interested in the improvement of the public elementary schools; the College of Teachers in Cincinnati was founded in 1833 largely through his efforts. His writings include Introduction to the Criticism and Interpretation of the Bible (1835), Report on Elementary Instruction in Europe (1837), and The Origin and History of the Books of the Bible (1867).
Calvin Ellis Stowe (1802-1886) was an American Biblical scholar who helped spread public education in the United States, and the husband and literary agent of Harriet Beecher Stowe.

Life and career

Born in Natick, Massachusetts, Stowe overcame a meager upbringing after his father died in 1808 and graduated from Bowdoin College with honors in 1824. He then studied at Andover Theological Seminary and graduated in 1829.

After having edited the Boston Recorder for several years, he taught Greek at Dartmouth College from 1831 to 1833 and sacred literature at Lane Theological Seminary in Cincinnati, Ohio from 1830 to 1840. While in Cincinnati, Stowe became an important advocate for the development of public schools in the western US. He was critical in the establishment of the College of Teachers there in 1833. Additionally, his 1836 Report on Elementary Instruction in Europe urged Ohio to adopt a state-backed educational system like Prussia's. The Ohio State Legislature ordered a copy of the book for each of the state's 8,500 school districts and more copies were given to other state legislatures. Also, he married his wife, Harriet, in 1836.

He taught religion at Bowdoin from 1850 to 1852 and at Andover Theological Seminary from 1852 to 1864. While at Bowdoin, Harriet began writing her soon-to-be-acclaimed novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin (1854). After the novel became world-known, Calvin wrote his own best-selling book, Origin and History of the Books of the Bible (1867), one of the first books to examine the bible from an historical perspective.

His childhood stories served as the basis for Harriet's books, Oldtown Folks (1869) and Sam Lawson's Old Fireside Stories (1872).

External Links

  • http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/567807/Calvin-E-Stowe
  • http://www.harrietbeecherstowecenter.org/life/#calvin
  • http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Stowe-Ca.html

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