See his autobiography Time and Chance (1987); biography by B. Donoughue, Prime Minister (1987).
Audrey Elizabeth Callaghan, Baroness Callaghan of Cardiff (née Moulton; 28 July 1915 – 15 March 2005) was the wife of British Prime Minister James Callaghan and was herself a politician and campaigner and fundraiser for children's health and welfare.
She was born in Maidstone, Kent, joined the Labour Party despite her father being a director of the Lead Wool Company, a tool company. She would chair Maidstone Labour Party and Fabian Society. She met her future husband while still in her teens at the Baptist church Sunday school where they both worked, then at the Labour Party, but they did not marry until 1938. They honeymooned in Paris and Chamonix then returned to rent a house in Norwood.
Callaghan was educated at Maidstone Grammar School, then studied cookery at Battersea College of Domestic Science. She worked as a dietician at an antenatal clinic in Greenwich during World War II, a young mother herself. At the same time, she studied economics at a University of London extension course in Eltham, with Hugh Gaitskell as tutor. She made a special study of malnutrition in children and its remedies.
James had been elected a Member of Parliament for Cardiff in 1945 and she was at his side throughout his career. She was somewhat derided, described as "the Yorkshire Pudding", ostensibly for her skill in cooking, but also as a reference to her perceived poor dress sense and mildly disorganised appearance. She was ridiculed for her hobby of keeping pigs. She remained very private and shunned the limelight. However, she was engaged with her husband's jobs and was said to be instrumental in dissuading him from resignation after the 1967 devaluation of the pound. In 1959, Audrey was elected as Labour member for Lewisham for the London County Council. She took a special interest in children's homes and the Children's Committee. She was an alderman of the Greater London Council from 1964 and became chairman of Lewisham Council's children's committee, where she was also an alderman, when the GLC was abolished.
In 1969 Callaghan became the chair of the board of governors of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children. She continued raising funds for the hospital for the next thirty years, most notably securing an extension of copyright on Peter Pan for the hospital by a Lords amendment moved by James. In 1987, when James was created Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, she became Lady Callaghan. She herself refused a damehood from Margaret Thatcher. They retired to a farm in Ringmer, East Sussex, where she kept pigs and he kept cows and sheep, and grew barley. Along with her husband she supported causes relating to the University College of Swansea, of which James Callaghan was President.
In her last years, Callaghan developed Alzheimer's disease. In July 2001, when her condition had deteriorated, she entered a home run by Catholic nuns, where her husband visited her every day. He died just eleven days after her death in 2005.
The eldest of their three children is Margaret Jay, Baroness Jay of Paddington, born in 1940. Their second daughter, Julia, was born in 1943 and their son, Michael, in 1946.