Calasiao is a municipality in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 77,039 people with 15,020 households. In the Pangasinan language, the town is called "Baley na Calasiao" which means "town of Calasiao" in English.
The town hall is located in front of the Roman Catholic convent of San Pedro y San Pablo de Calasiao, and it is at the same building as the shrine of Senor Divino Tesoro. The current mayor is Mayor Roy T. Macanlalay. One of his major projects is to add a roof above school basketball courts or school yards in every barangay school in Calasiao. He has won thrice of the mayoral election and currently serving final term until 2010.
State of calamity
On September 15
, 2008, the Municipal Council (Sangguniang Bayan
) chaired by Vice Mayor Ferdinand Galang passed a resolution declaring the town under the state of calamity
. Mayor Roy Macanlalay stated the P 100 million (2 a.m. to 5:30 a.m.) fire destroyed the municipal hall and the adjoining shrine of the Señor Divino Tesoro. The newly renovated 2-storey municipal hall, pre-war building was made of bricks and mostly wood.
The people of Calasiao speak the Pangasinan language
, the dominant language in central Pangasinan, but most of the people of Calasiao also speak Tagalog
, the official national language of the Philippines; Ilocano
, a neighboring language; and English
, a global language.
The indigenous people of Calasiao are descended from the Austronesian-speaking people
who settled in the Malay archipelago at least 5,000 years ago. Calasiao was settled by a Pangasinan speaking people
whose language belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian
branch of the Austronesian languages
In 1571, the Spanish conquest of Pangasinan began. The Spanish conquistadors were accompanied by Roman Catholic missionaries who introduced Roman Catholicism to the indigenous peoples of Pangasinan. Around 1592, the small settlement of Calasiao was united with the other neighboring small settlements of Nalsian and Dinalaoan to form the new town of Calasiao. The much larger settlement of Gabon and other settlements also became part of the new town of Calasiao. The town of Calasiao became part of the Pangasinan encomendia of Labaya, designated as belonging to the King of Spain, Juan Ximenez del Pino, and a son of Alonso Hernandez de Sandoval for whom tributes were collected.
Augustinian and Dominican missionaries converted most of the indigenous people of Calasiao to Roman Catholicism. In 1596, the Roman Catholic convent in Calasiao was built and named San Pablo de Calasiao. In 1621, the convent was renamed San Pedro y San Pablo de Calasiao. The convent is located in the town center or poblacion.
Today, Calasiao is a progressive town. Calasiao may soon become a city or join with Dagupan City and San Carlos City to be a metropolis.
Many people from Calasiao have emigrated to the United States and other countries to seek better opportunities.
Calasiao is centrally located in Pangasinan, between Dagupan City and San Carlos City. A major highway connects Calasiao to Dagupan City
, San Carlos City
, and Urdaneta City
, which then connects to Baguio City
and Metropolitan Manila
. Calasiao is only a few minutes ride to the Bonuan Blue Beach
and the Hundred Islands
on the Lingayen Gulf
. Calasiao is about an hour ride to Baguio City
and a four hour ride to Manila
Calasiao is known for its puto, a soft rice cake; suman, a sweet coconut and sticky rice cake wrapped in banana leaves; and bagoong, a salted shrimp or fish sauce. Calasiao puto is described as the town's "white gold." Calasiao puto is a bite-size, soft rice cake made from semi-glutinous rice that is fermented in earthen jars. It is produced mainly in barangay Dinalaoan.
Many pilgrims from neighbouring cities/towns and provinces visit Calasiao to pray at the Senor Divino Tesoro shrine. The statue of a crucified Jesus Christ is believed to grow in size and grant miracles.
Every May, Calasiao residents enjoy a "peryaan" ("fair" in English). Different rides and booths cover the grounds of Calasiao Central School in front of the church. Delicious hotcakes (pancakes) with cane sugar are served in plastic bags for "dua" or two pesos. Other treats such as balut (preserved duck egg), halo-halo, ice crumble, mais con yelo (corn with ice) and popcorn are also available at low prices.
As part of the May festivities, each participating barangay (see below) sends one participant for the annual "Ms. Calasiao" beauty pageant. The winner gets paraded around the town the next day together with her escort and pageant runner-ups in a decorated vehicle.
Calasiao has rich farmlands planted mainly with palay
or rice, coconuts and mangoes. Calasiao also has a lot of fishponds along its rivers and wetlands where fish like bangus
or milkfish, pantat
or catfish, and tilapia are raised. A Coca-Cola
Bottlers plant is located in Calasiao. The plant is famed for producing one of the best tasting Coca-Cola in the world.
Because of Calasiao's great business potential, Jollibee and Toyota have opened branches in the town. Regency Hotel in Calasiao has become the biggest competitor of the Star Plaza Hotel in Dagupan City. Dagupena, a famous world-class restaurant in Dagupan City has also moved to Calasiao.
Free puto festival
Calasiao (pop: 85,419) will celebrate on May 5
, 2008, its (free) puto industry festival. It is known for its 100 years "white gold: "cup-shaped, bite-sized, soft rice cakes; the semi-glutinous rice is fermented in old earthen jars" (in villages of Dinalaoan, Lumbang, Ambuetel, and part of Nalsian). The Calasiao Puto
is a rice cake that is well known all over the Philippines for its melt-in-the-mouth feeling. It is locally sold along the streets going to Sr. Divino Tesoro. The puto industry helps many to earn a living.
Bocayo (sweeten coconut ) and Dinuguan are also the best products in Nalsian Bacayao and Nalsian Centro.
Calasiao celebrates its town fiesta every may 2 & 3.which is the feast day of the senior divino tesoro.On the 28th &29th of june is the fiesta of san pedro and san pablo which was formerly celebrated as calasioas town fiesta.
Calasiao is politically subdivided into 24 barangays
Calasiao enjoys its success due to the central location and proximity to Dagupan City. Businesses have more potential for success since the town is traversed by the national highway (MacArthur).
- Nalsian Centro
- Nalsian Bacayao
- Poblacion East
- Poblacion West
- San Miguel
- San Vicente