Calappa (crab)

Calappa (crab)

Calappa is a genus of crabs known commonly as box crabs, or shame-faced crabs. The name box crab comes from their distinctly bulky carapace, and the name shame-faced is from anthropomorphising the way their chela (claws) fold in in front of their face, as if hiding it in shame. There are thirty nine generally recognised species in the genus. Taxonomic sources disagree on the number of species, with some sources classifying several species from the genus Cancer as Calappa.

Species

  • Calappa acutispina (Lai, Chan and Ng, 2006)
  • Calappa africana (Lai and Ng, 2006)
  • Calappa bicornis (Miers, 1884 )
  • Calappa bilineata (Ng, Lai and Aungtonya, 2002)
  • Calappa calappa (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Calappa capellonis (Laurie, 1906)
  • Calappa cinerea (Holthuis, 1958)
  • Calappa clypeata (Borradaile, 1903)
  • Calappa conifera (Galil, 1997)
  • Calappa convexa (De Saussure, 1853)
  • Calappa depressa (Miers, 1886)
  • Calappa dumortieri (Guinot 1962)
  • Calappa flammea (Herbst, 1794)
  • Calappa galloides (Stimpson, 1859)
  • Calappa gallus (Herbst, 1803)
  • Calappa granulata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Calappa guerini (Brito Capello, 1871)
  • Calappa hepatica (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Calappa japonica (Ortmann, 1892)
  • Calappa liaoi (Ng, 2002)
  • Calappa lophos (Herbst, 1782)
  • Calappa monilicanthus (Galil, 1997)
  • Calappa nitida (Holthuis, 1958)
  • Calappa ocellata (Holthuis, 1958)
  • Calappa ocularia (Ng, 2002)
  • Calappa pelii (Herklots, 1851)
  • Calappa philargius (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Calappa pokipoki (Ng, 2000)
  • Calappa pustulosa (Alcock, 1896)
  • Calappa quadrimaculata (Takeda & Shikatani, 1990)
  • Calappa rosea (Jarocki, 1825)
  • Calappa rubroguttata (Herklots, 1851)
  • Calappa sebastieni (Galil, 1997)
  • Calappa springeri (Rathbun, 1931)
  • Calappa sulcata (Rathbun, 1898)
  • Calappa tortugae (Rathbun, 1933)
  • Calappa torulosa (Galil, 1997)
  • Calappa tuerkayana (Pastore, 1995)
  • Calappa undulata (Dai and Yang, 1991)
  • Calappa yamasitae (Sakai, 1980)

External links

Taxonomic references

  • Miers, E.J. 1884. Crustacea. In: Report on the zoological collections made in the Indo-Pacific Ocean during the voyage of H.M.S “Alert” 1881-1882. 178--322, 513--575.
  • Ng, P.K.L., J. C. Y. Lai, and C. Aungtonya. 2002. The box and moon crabs of Thailand, with description of a new species of Calappa (Crustacea: Brachyura: Calappidae, Matutidae). ---Phuket Marine Biological Centre Special Publication 23: 341--360.
  • Laurie, R. D. 1906. Report on the Brachyura collected by Professor Herdmann, at Ceylon, in 1902. In: W.A. Herdmann, Report to the government of Ceylon on the Pearl Oyster fisheries of the Gulf of Manaar. Report Pearl Oyster Fisheries 5: 349--432.
  • Holthius, L. B. 1958. Crustacea decapoda from the northern red sea (Gulf of Aqaba and Sinai Peninsula). II. Hippidea and Brachyura (Dromiacea, Oxystomata, abd Grapsoidea). --- Contributions to the knowledge of the Red Sea. No. 9. Bulletin Sea Fisheries Research Station, Israel 17: 41--54.
  • Borradaile, L. A. 1903. Marine Crustaceans VI. The sand crabs (Oxystomata). In: J.S Gardiner (ed.), The Fauna and Geography of the Maldive and Laccadive Archipelagoes 6: 434--439.
  • Galil, B. S. 1997. Crustacea Decapoda: A revision of the Indo-Pacific species of the genus Calappa *Weber, 1795 (Calappidae) In: A. Crosnier (ed.), Résultats des Campagnes MUSORTOM, Volume 18. Mémoires du Muséum National D’Histoire Naturelle 176: 271--335.
  • Saussure, M. H. 1853. Description de quelques Crustacés nouveaux de la côte occidentale du Mexique. --- Revue et Magasin de Zoologie pure et appliquée, Paris 8: 1--15.
  • Guinot, D. 1962. Sur une collection de Crustacés Brachyoures de mer Rouge et de Somalie. Remarques sur les genres Calappa Weber, Menaethiops Alcock, Tyche, Bell, Opthalmias Rathbun et Stilbognathus von Martens. --- Bolletino de Museo Civico di Storia Naturale de Venezia, (1962) 1964 15: 7--63.

Search another word or see Calappa (crab)on Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature