Caesar Augustus Rodney (January 4 1772 – June 10 1824) was an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a member of the Democratic-Republican Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly, as well as a U.S. Representative from Delaware, U.S. Senator from Delaware, U.S. Attorney General, and U.S. Minister to Argentina. He was the nephew of Caesar Rodney, the signer of the Declaration of Independence who is depicted on the Delaware state quarter.
After serving one term in the U.S. House from March 4 1803 until March 3 1805, he was defeated for reelection in 1804 by Bayard, by nearly as close a vote. The two men, always vigorous political opponents, remained good friends throughout their tumultuous political careers.
On January 20 1807 U.S. President Thomas Jefferson named Rodney his U.S. Attorney General and he served in that office for the remainder of Jefferson's term and for nearly three years in U.S. President James Madison's first term. As Attorney General, Rodney participated as a member of the prosecution during the second treason trial of former Vice-President Aaron Burr. He resigned December 5 1811, unhappy about being passed over for a U.S. Supreme Court appointment. During the War of 1812, he was captain of a rifle corps which became the Delaware 1st Artillery. They served at Fort Union in Wilmington, on the Canadian frontier, and assisted in the defense of Baltimore in 1814.
In 1817 Rodney was appointed by President James Monroe to lead a commission to investigate whether the newly formed South American republics should be recognized. He strongly advocated such recognition and, with John Graham, published his findings in 1819 as Reports on the Present State of the United Provinces of South America. This report is thought to have contributed much to the thinking behind the policy that eventually became expressed as the Monroe Doctrine. It also resulted in Rodney's 1823 appointment as United States Minister Plenipotentiary to the United Provinces of La Plata, now known as Argentina. He remained at this posting until his death.
|Office||Type||Location||Elected||Took Office||Left Office||notes|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||1796||January 3 1797||January 2 1798|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||1797||January 2 1798||January 1 1799|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||1798||January 1 1799||January 7 1800|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||1799||January 7 1800||January 6 1801|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||1800||January 6 1801||January 5 1802|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||1801||January 5 1802||January 4 1803|
|U.S. Representative||Legislature||Washington||1802||March 4 1803||March 3 1805|
|U.S. Attorney General||Executive||Washington||January 20 1807||December 5 1811|
|State Senate||Legislature||Dover||1814||January 3 1815||January 6 1818|
|U.S. Representative||Legislature||Washington||1820||March 4 1821||January 22 1822|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||January 10 1822||January 29 1823|
|Resident Minister||Executive||Buenos Aires||January 29 1823||June 10 1824||Argentina|
|Delaware General Assembly service|
|1797||21st||State House||Federalist||Gunning Bedford, Sr.||New Castle at-large|
|1798||22nd||State House||Federalist||Daniel Rogers||New Castle at-large|
|1799||23rd||State House||Federalist||Richard Bassett||New Castle at-large|
|1800||24th||State House||Federalist||Richard Bassett||New Castle at-large|
|1801||25th||State House||Federalist||James Sykes||New Castle at-large|
|1802||26th||State House||Federalist||David Hall||New Castle at-large|
|1815||39th||State Senate||Federalist||Daniel Rodney||New Castle at-large|
|1816||40th||State Senate||Federalist||Daniel Rodney||New Castle at-large|
|1817||41st||State Senate||Federalist||John Clark||New Castle at-large|
|United States Congressional service|
|1803-1805||8th||U.S. House||Democratic-Republican||Thomas Jefferson||at-large|
|1821-1823||17th||U.S. House||Democratic-Republican||James Monroe||2nd at-large|
|1821-1823||17th||U.S. Senate||Democratic-Republican||James Monroe||class 1|
|1802||U.S. Representative||Caesar A. Rodney||Democratic-Republican||3,421||50%||James A. Bayard||Federalist||3,406||50%|
|1804||U.S. Representative||Caesar A. Rodney||Democratic-Republican||4,038||48%||James A. Bayard||Federalist||4,398||52%|
SILVER ANNIVERSARY THE CHRYSLER MUSEUM'S GRAND AND GLEAMING EXHIBITION TELLS STORIES OF SOCIETY THROUGH THE CENTURIES.(HOME & GARDEN)
Apr 20, 1997; Byline: ANN WRIGHT, CORRESPONDENT THE STORIES OLD silver could tell - of convivial conversations and society scandals, intrigues...