Clarence Clyde Ferguson Jr.
(1924-1983) was a professor of law and an United States Ambassador to Uganda
Having experienced the horrors of World War II, as a diplomat he "labored tirelessly to safeguard and extend the fundamental freedoms" essential to world peace. He was the main proponent in many decisions implementing the social provisions of the U.N. Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, particularly in relation to apartheid, and more generally in relation to all forms of racial, religious, and cultural discrimination. Ferguson was the chief draftsman of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization's statement on race in 1967 and is considered the "founding father" of affirmative action.
In 1969, he served as the U.S. ambassador-at-large and coordinator for civilian relief in the Nigerian civil war and negotiated the "Protocol on Relief to Nigeria Civilian Victims of the Civil War." He served as ambassador to Uganda in 1970 and as deputy assistant secretary of state for African affairs in 1973. From 1973 to 1975 he was the U.S. representative to the United Nations Economic and Social Council.
Ferguson held a professorship at Rutgers University and served as dean of the Howard University School of Law from 1963 to 1969. He joined the faculty of Harvard Law School in 1976 and worked there until his death. The C. Clyde Ferguson Annual Lecture at Howard Law School is named after him, as is the Clyde Ferguson award presented by the Association of American Law Schools.
He wrote books including Materials on Trial Presentations and Racism in American Education, and contributed to U.S. Ratification of the Human Rights Treaties.
He was the son of Clarence Clyde (a minister) and Georgena (Owens) Ferguson. He was a Unitarian Universalist
. He married Dolores Zimmerman, now deceased, on 14 February
. Together they had three children.
He received a Bachelor of Arts
degree (cum laude
) from Ohio State University
in 1948, and a Bachelor of Law
degree (cum laude) from Harvard University in 1951. He was awarded a Doctor of Law
degree by Rutgers University in 1966, and again by Williams College
Other career events
He served in the U.S. Army
from 1943 to 1946. taking part in the Battle of Normandy
and the fighting in Europe that followed. He received a Bronze Star
. He worked on the legal defense team of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
. He served as president of the American Society of International Law
from 1978 to 1980.
- (With Albert P. Blaustein) Desegregation and the Law: The Meaning and Effect of the School Segregation Cases, Rutgers University Press, 1957, 2nd edition, 1960.
- Materials on Trial Presentations, Rutgers University, 1957.
- Enforcement and Collection of Judgments and Liens, Institute for Continuing Legal Education, Rutgers University, 1961.
- Secured Transactions: Article IX Uniform Commercial Code in New Jersey, Sooney & Sage, 1961.
- (With others) Racism in American Education, Random House, 1970.
- (Contributor) Lillich, editor, U.S. Ratification of the Human Rights Treaties, University of Virginia Press, 1981.