Definitions

Buyang language

Buyang language

Buyang is a Tai-Kadai language spoken in Guangnan and Funing Counties, Yunnan Province, China. It is important to the reconstruction of Austro-Tai as, uniquely in Tai-Kadai, it retains the disyllabic roots characteristic of Austronesian languages. Examples are /matɛ́/ "to die", /matá/ "eye", /qaðù/ "head", and /maðû/ "eight".

Phonology

Consonants

Buyang has the following consonants.
Labial Coronal Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Plain Palatalized Labialized Plain Labzd Plain Labzd Plain Labzd Plain Labzd
Stops Plain voiceless p t tʃʷ k q ʔ
Voiceless aspirated pʲʰ pʷʰ tʃʰ kʷʰ
Plain voiced b d g
Voiced aspirated bʲʰ
Fricatives Voiceless f θ θʷ ʃ ʃʷ χ h
Voiced ð ðʷ ɣ
Nasals Voiceless ɲʰ ŋʰ
Voiced m n ɲ ŋ ŋʷ
Laterals Voiceless
Voiced l
Semivowels Voiceless ʍ
Voiced j ɥ w

Vowels

Buyang has the following vowels.
front central back
unrounded
back
rounded
High i ɯ u
Hi-Mid e ə o
Lo-Mid ɛ ɔ
Low a

The three high vowels and the low vowel can be long.

Tones

Notes

References

  • Li Jinfang. 1999. Studies in the Buyang Language. Beijing: Central University for Nationalities Press.
  • Li Jinfang & Luo Yongxian. 2006. "Notes on Paha Buyang," Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 29/1:1-40.
  • Liang Min. 1990. "The Buyang Language," Kadai 2:13-21.
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