: बदायूँ, Urdu
) is a city in the north-central Uttar Pradesh
state of northern India
. The 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
wrote of Buduan:
- A town and district of British India, in the Rohilkhand division of the United Provinces. The town is near the left bank of the river Sot. Pop. (1901) 39,031. There are ruins of an immense fort and a very handsome mosque of imposing size, crowned with a dome, and built in 1223 in great part from the materials of an ancient Hindu temple. The American Methodist mission maintains several girls schools, and there is a high school for boys. According to tradition, Budaun was founded about 905, and an inscription, probably of the 12th century, gives a list of twelve Rathor kings reigning at Budaun (called Vodamayuta). The first authentic historical event connected with it, however, is its capture by Qutb-ud-din Aybak in 1196, after which it became a very important post on the northern frontier of the Delhi empire. In the 13th century two of its governors, Shams-ud-din Iltutmish, the builder of the great mosque referred above, and his son Rukn ud din Firuz, attained the imperial throne. In 1571 the town was burnt, and about a hundred years later, under Shah Jahan, the seat of the governorship was transferred to Bareilly; after which the importance of Budaun declined. It ultimately came into the power of the Rohillas, and in 1838 was made the headquarters of a British district. In 1857 the people of Budaun sided with the mutineers, and a native government was set up, which lasted until General Penny's victory at Kakrala (April 1858) led to the restoration of British authority. According to Government of India, the district Budaun is one of the Minority Concentrated District in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.
Today Budaun is progressing at a very high speed. Its population has reached 165 thousand (to be compared with 117 thousand in 1991, and just 38 thousand in 1900 ).
Some of the notable personalities from Budaun
Historical Places in Budaun
Qadri Sufi Shrine.
Jami Masjid - Built in 1823 AD.
Nizami Press - Printed and carried some of the most historical books of Urdu and Persian.
Ruins of an immense Budaun fort.
Hazrat Khwaja Nizamuddin Auliyas house where he was born.
Choti Zyarat. It is the monument of HazratBadraUdin Rahmatullah Alay.
Hazrat Shah Abdul Qàdir Sahebs urs.
Tomb, Mohalla Behrampur, Tomb of Ikhlas Khan.
Tomb of Makhduman Jahan, the mother of Alaudin Alam.
Dargah of Imadul Mulk alias Pisan Hari-ka-Gumbaz dated A.H. 896
Maqbara of begum shah perver khanam the younger sister of mumtazmahal
Budaun is located at . It has an average elevation of 169 metres
As of 2001
, Budaun had a population of 148,138. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Budaun has an average literacy rate of 56%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 60% and female literacy of 52%. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. Hindus constitute about 79% of the population and Muslims about 20%.