Buckner

Buckner

[buhk-ner]
Buckner, Simon Bolivar, 1823-1914, Confederate general, b. Hart co., Ky., grad. West Point, 1844. In 1860, Buckner, a Louisville businessman, secured passage of a bill creating a large Kentucky militia and as inspector general trained it. Although he attempted to keep Kentucky neutral during the Civil War, when the legislature became strongly Unionist he took a commission as Confederate brigadier general (Sept., 1861). At Fort Donelson (Feb., 1862) he surrendered to Grant and was taken prisoner but was soon exchanged and promoted to major general. He fought in Bragg's invasion of Kentucky (Oct., 1862), Mobile (Dec., 1862-63), and Chattanooga (Sept., 1863), and commanded the Dept. of East Tennessee (May-Aug., 1863) and Louisiana from 1864 to the end of the war. Later he was editor of the Louisville Courier and governor of Kentucky (1887-91).

See biography by A. M. Stickles (1940).

(born April 1, 1823, near Munfordville, Ky., U.S.—died Jan. 8, 1914, near Munfordville) U.S. and Confederate military leader. He graduated from West Point and served in the Mexican War. In the American Civil War he established the Kentucky militia and became a Confederate general. Ordered to reinforce Fort Donelson, Tenn. (1862), he found the situation hopeless and unconditionally surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant. After his release in a prisoner exchange, he served the Confederacy in many capacities. He was later governor of Kentucky (1887–91).

Learn more about Buckner, Simon Bolivar with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born April 1, 1823, near Munfordville, Ky., U.S.—died Jan. 8, 1914, near Munfordville) U.S. and Confederate military leader. He graduated from West Point and served in the Mexican War. In the American Civil War he established the Kentucky militia and became a Confederate general. Ordered to reinforce Fort Donelson, Tenn. (1862), he found the situation hopeless and unconditionally surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant. After his release in a prisoner exchange, he served the Confederacy in many capacities. He was later governor of Kentucky (1887–91).

Learn more about Buckner, Simon Bolivar with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Buckner is a city in Lafayette County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 396 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Buckner is located at (33.358095, -93.436689).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.2 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 396 people, 144 households, and 112 families residing in the city. The population density was 315.8 people per square mile (122.3/km²). There were 165 housing units at an average density of 131.6/sq mi (51.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 52.53% White, 45.20% Black or African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.51% Asian, and 1.01% from two or more races. 0.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 144 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.2% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 111.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,063, and the median income for a family was $25,179. Males had a median income of $21,875 versus $15,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,192. About 19.1% of families and 25.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.5% of those under age 18 and 21.7% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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