(born Aug. 31, 1853, Tiflis, Russia—died March 17, 1926, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.) Russian general. He distinguished himself in the Russo-Turkish War (1877–78) and was promoted to general in 1906. In World War I he led the Russian campaign in Galicia (1914) and was most famous as commander of the “Brusilov breakthrough” on the Eastern Front against Austria-Hungary (1916), inflicting losses that forced Germany to divert troops from the Battle of Verdun against France on the Western Front. He later served in the Bolshevik government as a military consultant (1920–24).
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