[broo-ley, broo-lee; Fr. bry-ley]
Brulé, Étienne, c.1592-1632, French explorer in North America. He arrived (1608) in the New World with Samuel de Champlain, who sent him (1610) into the wilderness to learn about Native Americans and the land. He lived with the Huron and accompanied (c.1612) a group of them to Georgian Bay of Lake Huron. In 1612 he guided Champlain to that lake, and on the return journey they were, so far as is known, the first Europeans to see Lake Ontario. Brulé was then sent to the headwaters of the Susquehanna River and followed it to Chesapeake Bay. On his way back he was captured by the Iroquois and tortured, but he escaped (1618). He lived with the Huron once again, making many explorations of which no definite record remains. He probably visited Lake Superior and thus saw all the Great Lakes except Lake Michigan, being the first European to do so. In 1629 he piloted the English vessels that captured Quebec and his old commander, Champlain. Then he retired to live an increasingly dissolute life among the Huron. He was killed in a quarrel.

See C. W. Butterfield, History of Brulé's Discoveries and Explorations, 1610-1626 (1898).

The Brulé are one of the seven branches or bands (sometimes called "sub-tribes") of the Teton (Titonwan) Lakota Sioux American Indian nation. They are known as Sicangu Oyate, or "Burnt Thighs Nation," and so, were called Brulé (lit. "burnt") by the French. (The name may have derived from an incident where they were fleeing through a grass fire on the plains.) Many Sicangu people live on the Rosebud Indian Reservation in Southwestern South Dakota, with a small population living on the Lower Brule Indian Reservation, on the west bank of the Missouri River. The two tribes are completely independent of each other, politically.

Famous Sicangu (Brulé)

These men were Brulé chiefs at the time of Red Cloud's War


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