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Bruckner, Anton

Bruckner, Anton

Bruckner, Anton, 1824-96, Austrian composer. He was appointed organist at the Linz cathedral in 1856 before becoming court organist in Vienna in 1868, where he later taught at the conservatory and university. He established a reputation as a virtuoso organist on trips to France in 1869 and to England in 1871, but as a composer he gained recognition slowly. Although he was influenced by the chromatic harmony and orchestral grandeur of Wagner's music, his work is marked by contrapuntal complexity and extended melodies, in the formal tradition of Beethoven and Schubert. His outstanding works are the Masses in D Minor (1864), in E Minor (1869), and F Minor (1872); a Te Deum (1886); and nine symphonies, of which the Fourth or Romantic (1881), the Eighth, or Apocalyptic (composed 1884-87), and the Ninth (composed 1891-96) are best known. He also wrote motets, cantatas, chamber music, piano and organ pieces, and pieces for male chorus.

See studies by H. F. Redlich (1955), E. Doernberg (1960, repr. 1968), and R. Simpson (Am. ed. 1968).

Anton is a given name in many European languages. It is a variant of the same root as Antonius or Anthony.

People

Fiction

  • Anton, a mythological son of Hercules created by Mark Antony and from whom he claimed descent
  • Anton, a fictional geneticist, credited with discovering Anton's Key, in the Ender's Game series of books by Orson Scott Card
  • Anton Chigurh, the antagonist in the Cormac McCarthy novel No Country for Old Men and the movie of the same title.
  • Anton is the name of an Assassin hero character in the massively-multiplayer online RPG game Guild Wars.
  • Anton Phibes, murderous organist in two cult movies starring Vincent Price.
  • Anton Jackson, a filthy, drunken homeless person portrayed by Damon Wayans featured recurringly on the American comedy sketch show In Living Color.

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