is a Scottish
. It is deeyel,
though pronunciation with a /z/ may be heard outside Scotland.
The unintuitive spelling of the name is due to it being an anglicisation
of Gaelic Dail-gheal
, meaning white dale. The sound now spelled with a or is historically a lenited slender /g/, which in Gaelic is pronounced [j] (like English ). The English form of the name was originally spelled with a <> (yogh); this was later replaced with either a , the letter of the modern alphabet which most looks like yogh, or a , which more closely represents the sound.
The name originates from the former barony of Dalzell in Lanarkshire, in the area now occupied by Motherwell. The name Dalzell is first recorded in 1259, and Thomas de Dalzell fought at Bannockburn. The Dalzell lands were forfeited later in the 14th century, but regained through marriage in the 15th. Sir Robert Dalzell was created Lord Dalzell in 1628, and his son was further elevated as Earl of Carnwath, a peerage which became extinct in 1941. In 1645 the Dalzell estates were sold to the Hamiltons of Orbiston, who held them until the 20th century.
The Dalziel coat of arms is sable, a man's body proper, i.e. the flesh-coloured silhouette of a man against a black background. Scottish emigration has dispersed the Dalziel family across the English-speaking world.
People with this surname include:
- Charles Dalziel (1904-1986), American professor of engineering
- Davison Dalziel, 1st Baron Dalziel of Wooler (1852-1928), Scottish businessman and Conservative politician
- Henry Dalziel (1893-1965), Australian war hero
- Ian Dalziel (born 1947), British businessman and politician
- James Dalziel, 1st Baron Dalziel of Kirkcaldy (1868-1935), Scottish Liberal politician
- Gordon Dalziel (born 1962), Former Scottish Footballer and Manager
- Keith Dalziel (1921-1994), Biochemist and Fellow of The Royal Society
- Lianne Dalziel (born 1960), New Zealand MP
- Ryan Dalziel (born 1982), British race car driver
- Dalziel Brothers, a firm of Victorian engravers founded in 1839 by George and Edward Dalziel, and assisted by John and Thomas Dalziel
Motherwell still contains Dalziel Parish, as well as the Dalzell Steelworks, now owned by Corus. The estate of Dalzell House, the former home of the Baron Hamilton of Dalzell, is now a country park on the south side of the town. Dalziel Rugby Club play in nearby Carfin. The name is also used by several local institutions, including Dalziel High School and the former Co-operative Society.