The bramble shark, Echinorhinus brucus, is covered with large, thorn-like denticles, and hence the name "bramble" shark.
Bramble sharks have a long cylindrical body covered with large protruding denticles, no anal fin
, two small dorsal fins
placed far on the back just before the tail, and five pairs of gill slits. They can reach a maximum length of 3.94 m
) and weigh 500 lbs (227 kg).
The bramble shark is found in the Western Atlantic
, the Eastern Atlantic from South Africa
north to Norway
, most of the Mediterranean
, the Arabian Sea
, the Indian Ocean
of south India
and Sri Lanka
, the Pacific Ocean
, south Australia
, and New Zealand
Habits and habitat
The bramble shark is a deepwater shark common only in the Eastern Atlantic from Portugal north, and the North Sea. It lives on the bottom of the sea between 18 to 900 m deep, and eats small sharks, bony fish, and crabs
. It is ovoviviparous
with up to 24 pups per litter.
- Database entry includes justification for why this species is listed as data deficient
- FAO Species Catalogue Volume 4 Parts 1 and 2 Sharks of the World