Bradstreet, Anne (Dudley), c.1612-1672, early American poet, b. Northampton, England, considered the first significant woman author in the American colonies. She came to Massachusetts in the Winthrop Puritan group in 1630 with her father, Thomas Dudley, and her husband, Simon Bradstreet, both later governors of the state. A dutiful Puritan wife who raised a large family, she nevertheless found time to write poetry. In 1650 her first volume of verse appeared in London as The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America. It was followed by Several Poems (Boston, 1678), which contains "Contemplations," probably her best work. Her verses are often derivative and formal, but some are graced by realistic simplicity and genuine feeling.

See her works ed. by J. Hensley (1967, repr. 1981) and by J. R. McElrath et al. (1981); biographies by E. W. White (1971) and C. Gordon (2005); P. Crowell and A. Stanford, ed., Critical Essays on Anne Bradstreet (1983).

Bradstreet, John, c.1711-1774, British officer in the French and Indian Wars. A Nova Scotian, he was captured (1744) by the French and confined at Louisburg. After his exchange he described the weaknesses of the fortress, and in 1745 Sir William Pepperrell captured the stronghold. For his services in the expedition, Bradstreet was promoted to the rank of captain and made lieutenant governor of St. John's, Newfoundland, a post he held permanently. He led (1758) the successful expedition against Fort Frontenac, thereby cutting communications between the French forces in Canada and those on the Ohio River. Later he served (1759) under Lord Amherst at Ticonderoga and Crown Point. In Pontiac's Rebellion, Bradstreet commanded the forces that garrisoned (1764) Detroit and other Western posts.
Bradstreet, Simon, 1603-97, colonial governor of Massachusetts, b. Lincolnshire, England. He emigrated to New England in 1630 and was assistant in the Massachusetts Bay Company for 49 years (1630-79) and for part of that time served as secretary (1630-36). In 1634, Bradstreet was sent with four others to the Plymouth, New Haven, and Connecticut colonies to negotiate concerning the formation of the New England Confederation, and on its organization became one of two Massachusetts representatives, a post he retained for 33 years. After the Restoration, John Norton and he went to England and succeeded in persuading Charles II to confirm the colony's charter. His first period as governor (1679-86) was followed by the unsuccessful royal administration of Sir Edmund Andros. He served as governor again, from 1689 to 1692. Anne Bradstreet was his wife.
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