1863-1932, American biographer, b. Boston. After many unsuccessful years as a writer, he achieved literary fame as a biographer with his Lee, the American
(1912). He perfected the method of writing "psychographs," or short portraits of historical figures. His works in this area include Confederate Portraits
(1914), Union Portraits
(1916), and Damaged Souls
See his autobiographical Life and I (1928) and his journal (1933) and letters (1934), both edited by V. W. Brooks.
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