Braddock

Braddock

[brad-uhk]
Braddock, Edward, 1695-1755, British general in the French and Indian War (see under French and Indian Wars). Although he had seen little active campaigning before 1754, Braddock was reputed to have a good knowledge of European military tactics and was noted as a stern disciplinarian. He was promoted to major general in 1754 and early in 1755 arrived in Virginia as commander in chief of the British forces in North America against the French. His immediate objective was the French stronghold at the forks of the Ohio (see Fort Duquesne). With some 700 colonial militiamen, whom he regarded disdainfully, and over 1,400 British regulars, he moved across the Alleghenies from Fort Cumberland (now Cumberland, Md.), building a road (the foundation of the National Road) as he went. The march was so slow, however, that he feared the French would reinforce Duquesne before he could reach there. Adopting the suggestion of one of his aides-de-camp, George Washington, he left the wagons behind him with one of the two British regiments and pushed ahead with about two thirds of his total force. While crossing the Monongahela River, Braddock was met (July 9, 1755) by a force of not more than 900 men (a few French, some Canadians, and many Native Americans) under Daniel Beaujeu, who had already learned of the advance. The British regulars, as unfamiliar with Native American-style fighting as their commander (although both had been given fair warning by the colonials), bolted from their column formation under the steady fire from a ubiquitous enemy safely concealed in ravines and behind trees. The affair turned into a bloody rout. Since the Native Americans paused to collect scalps and other trophies of war, the demoralized troops were able to rejoin the rear guard and both retreated safely to Fort Cumberland. Of the 1,459 actively engaged, 977 were killed or wounded, including 63 of the 89 officers, who—unlike the soldiers—fought bravely. Braddock himself had four horses shot from under him before he was mortally wounded. He died four days later at Great Meadows and was buried there, near the site of Uniontown, Pa.

See D. S. Freeman, George Washington, Vol. II (1948); biography by L. McCardell (1958).

Braddock, borough (1990 pop. 4,682), Allegheny co., W Pa., an industrial suburb of Pittsburgh, on the Monongahela River; settled 1742, inc. 1867. Once a steel-manufacturing center, the population has decreased with the decline of the industry. In 1755, Gen. Edward Braddock was defeated there by French and Native American forces.

(born 1695, Perthshire, Scot.—died July 13, 1755, Great Meadows, Pa.) British army commander in the French and Indian War. After service in Europe, he arrived in Virginia in 1755 to command British forces in North America against the French. He undertook an expedition to attack the French-held Fort Duquesne (now Pittsburgh, Pa.); his force, which included British regulars and provincial militiamen such as George Washington, cut the first road across the Allegheny Mountains and reached a point on the Monongahela River near the fort. There his army of over 1,400 men was ambushed and defeated by a group of 254 French and 600 Indians, and he was mortally wounded in the ensuing rout.

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(born 1695, Perthshire, Scot.—died July 13, 1755, Great Meadows, Pa.) British army commander in the French and Indian War. After service in Europe, he arrived in Virginia in 1755 to command British forces in North America against the French. He undertook an expedition to attack the French-held Fort Duquesne (now Pittsburgh, Pa.); his force, which included British regulars and provincial militiamen such as George Washington, cut the first road across the Allegheny Mountains and reached a point on the Monongahela River near the fort. There his army of over 1,400 men was ambushed and defeated by a group of 254 French and 600 Indians, and he was mortally wounded in the ensuing rout.

Learn more about Braddock, Edward with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Braddock is a city in Emmons County, North Dakota in the United States. The population was 43 at the 2000 census. Braddock was founded in 1899.

Geography

Braddock is located at (46.565506, -100.089289).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²), all of it land.

History

Braddock, the oldest existing town in Emmons County, located in Section 27 of Township 126 North, Range 75 West, of the Fifth Principal Meridian, was established as the first railroad town in the county in the Fall of 1898. The town was named by Frederick Underwood, President of the Soo RR, in honor of Edward Braddock, County Auditor. In 1914 a vote to incorporate Braddock as a village was defeated, but was later passed on October 24, 1916.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 43 people, 20 households, and 16 families residing in the city. The population density was 173.6 people per square mile (66.4/km²). There were 27 housing units at an average density of 109.0/sq mi (41.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White. 43.2% were of German, 27.0% English, 24.3% Norwegian and 5.4% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 20 households out of which none had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.0% were married couples living together, 5.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.0% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.44.

In the city the population was spread out with 7.0% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 7.0% from 25 to 44, 30.2% from 45 to 64, and 46.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 62 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,750, and the median income for a family was $26,250. Males had a median income of $19,000 versus $27,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,457. None of the population and none of the families were below the poverty line.

References

External links

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