Boutros-Ghali, Boutros

Boutros-Ghali, Boutros

Boutros-Ghali, Boutros, 1922-, Egyptian statesman, secretary-general of the United Nations (1992-96). He attended the universities of Cairo and Paris (Ph.D., 1949). He was (1949-79) professor of international relations at Cairo Univ. A member of numerous academic and diplomatic organizations, he was present (1978) at the Egypt-Israel Camp David accords negotiations. He also served as Egypt's delegate to the United Nations and other international bodies and conferences. A member of the Egyptian parliament (1987-91), Boutros-Ghali became Egypt's minister of state for foreign affairs and deputy prime minister for foreign affairs. The first African and Arab head of the United Nations, he moved to reorganize and streamline the UN Secretariat and strengthen the UN's peacekeeping role. In 1996, after policy disagreements mainly with the United States, he was forced from office. He served as secretary-general of La Francophonie, an organization of French-speaking nations, from 1997 to 2002.

See his Unvanquished: A U.S.-UN Saga (1999).

(born Nov. 14, 1922, Cairo, Egypt) Sixth secretary-general of the United Nations (1992–96), the first Arab and first African to hold the office. A descendant of a distinguished Egyptian Coptic family, he was educated at Cairo University and the University of Paris. After teaching at universities around the world, he joined Egypt's foreign ministry in 1977. As foreign minister, he accompanied Pres. Anwar el-Sādāt to Jerusalem. He became Egypt's deputy prime minister in 1991 and was appointed UN secretary-general in 1992. During his single term he oversaw peacekeeping operations in Bosnia, Somalia, and Rwanda and led the UN in its 50th-anniversary celebration. In 1996 the U.S. blocked his bid for a second term.

Learn more about Boutros-Ghali, Boutros with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Mostafa Elwi Mohamed Saif (Arabic: مصطفى علوى محمد سيف (born March 3,1950) is an Egyptian Political Science Professor at Cairo University, a Politician representing National Democratic Party (Egypt) and a Member of Shura Council (Egypt)

Early life

Mostafa Elwi Saif was born in Faiyum, Egypt to one of the biggest families in his city. He graduated from High School with rank number 1 on his governerate, he then joined Faculty of Economics and Political Science (FEPS) in Cairo University and graduated in 1972 with a degree in Political Science and ranked as Second on the students of the faculty.

Academic career

He took the PhD under the supervision of Boutros Boutros Ghaliformer secertary General of the UN, in 1981. He was the first Egyptian, Arab and African to work at The US Institute of Peace (USIP) in 1994 till 1995.Since 2007 he is the Chair of the Political Science Department in The Faculty of Economics and Political Science at Cairo University, and Member of the Upper Chamber of The Egyptian legislative System since 2004. Dr. Saif has a reputable academic and political career. He chaired and taught in different Political Science departments in accredited Universities in the Arab world and Africa, as well as United States Universities such as Californis Bercley, UCLA, Texas At Austin, Arizona At Tucson, Utah at Salt Lake City,University of Siatle, SUNY at Buffalo,Merriland at College Park. He has worked in International organizations such as the United Nations Institute of Disarmament. He has a long political career in Egypt, as a pioneer in the field of political crisis management and security in the Middle East. Dr. Saif authored several publications and shared in several conferences on the national and international level.

Family

He is married with 3 children.

Search another word or see Boutros-Ghali, Boutroson Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;