Richard W. Burgin founded the magazine in 1985 and continues as the editor.
The magazine has won city, state, and national grants and awards. Many poems, stories and essays are reprinted in anthologies such as The Best American Poetry series, The Best American Short Stories, The Pushcart Prize, O.Henry Prize Stories, and The Best American Essays.
Poets and authors who have appeared in the magazine include Alice Adams, John Ashbery, John Barth, Ann Beattie, Robert Bly, Mark Doty, Marilyn Hacker, Donald Hall, Philip Levine, David Mamet, Joyce Carol Oates, Carl Phillips, Francine Prose, Ruth Stone, Charles Simic, Mark Strand, James Tate, and John Updike.
In a 2003 interview, Burgin said, "My suspicion, especially of many MFA writers, is that they are writing what they think will get published and are not sufficiently interested in exploring the form. [...] In Boulevard's slush pile, I find very little experimentation in form and structure. The stuff is tame. I see very little experimentation in point of view, in language. The subject matter is generally politically correct. Political correctness is the most noxious disease and enemy of the literary artist of our current time."