Its economy is based on the cotton industry. It is a centre for Baoulé people and is known for crafts. The city largely grew from the 1970s after the construction of the Kossou Dam flooded land to the west. Bouaké is known for its large carnival and market and for St Michael's Cathedral (Bouaké). The city has a large airport to the north-west of town with a runway.
Bouaké was established as a French military post in 1899 and has been an administrative center since 1914.
French and United Nations peacekeepers currently reside in the city as part of an enforced ceasefire between the rebel-held north and the government-held south. After the attempt to overthrow the president Laurent Gbagbo had failed, the rebel forces FN (forces nouvelles) led by Guillaume Soro made Bouaké their center of control. Subsequently, Bouaké University, opened in 1996, was closed down in September 2002. Financed by Unesco, the university reopened in April, 2005.
On November 4, 2004, governmental forces used Sukhoi-25's to raid the city as an opening movement towards "territorial liberation," according to Captain Jean-Noël Abbey of the Côte D'Ivoire army. Korhogo, 225 km north of Bouaké, was also targeted.
|1995||Konan Konan Denis||PDCI-RDA|