(ˈbɔtʁɔp) is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia. Located in the Ruhr industrial area, Bottrop adjoins Essen, Oberhausen, Gladbeck and Dorsten. The city had been a coal-mining and rail center and contains factories producing coal-tar derivatives, chemicals, textiles, and machinery. Bottrop grew as a mining center beginning in the 1860s and was chartered as a city in 1921. In 1975 it unified with the neighbour communities of Gladbeck and Kirchhellen, but Gladbeck left it in 1976, leading to Kirchhellen becoming a district of Bottrop as Bottrop-Kirchhellen.
Bottrop has the longest stretch of autobahn without junctions which is often used for testing vehicles at high speed, and is home to the famous Mercedes-Benz tuning company Brabus.
The total area of the municipal territory is about 101 square kilometers. The longest north-south distance is 17 kilometers, and from west to east 9 kilometers. The highest peak within the city's territory is 78 m, the lowest one 26 m above NN.
Bottrop is divided into 3 boroughs, they are: Bottrop-Mitte (Bottrop-Center), Bottrop-Süd (Bottrop South) and Bottrop-Kirchhellen, each one having a borough representation and a borough ruler.
These boroughs are further subdivided into city parts, partly named after their traditional name, while the newly built parts are only recently named :
- Bottrop-Mitte: Eigen, Fuhlenbrock, Stadtmitte (City center)
- Bottrop-Süd: Batenbrock, Boy, Ebel, Lehmkuhle, Vonderort, Gartenstadt Welheim (Garden city Welheim) and Welheimer Mark (Welheim Market)
- Bottrop-Kirchhellen: Ekel, Feldhausen, Grafenwald, Hardinghausen, Holthausen, Im Loh, Kirchhellen, Kuhberg, Overhagen
For statistical reasons, Bottrop is also divided into statistical boroughs, they are (with their official numbering)
- 11 Altstadt
- 12 Nord-Ost (Northeast)
- 13 Süd-West (Southwest)
- 21 Fuhlenbrock-Heide (Fühlenbrock-Heath)
- 22 Fuhlenbrock-Wald (Fühlenbrock-Forest)
- 31 Stadtwald (City forest)
- 32 Eigen
- 41 Batenbrock-Nord (Batenbrock-North)
- 42 Batenbrock-Süd (Batenbrock-South)
- 51 Boy
- 52 Welheim
- 61 Ebel/Welheimer Mark (Ebel-Welheim Market)
- 62 Süd (South)
- 71 Kirchhellen-Mitte (Kirchhellen-Center)
- 72 Kirchhellen-Süd/Grafenwald (Kirchhellen-South/Grafenwald)
- 73 Kirchhellen-Süd-West (Kirchhellen-Southwest)
- 74 Kirchhellen-Nord-Ost (Kirchhellen-Northwest)
From 1919 until 1976 Kirchhellen was its own town. From 1976 until 1978 it was a part of "GlaBotKi"(Gladbeck
, Bottrop, Kirchhellen).
1978 Kirchhellen would a part of Bottrop. The Kirchhellner were very angry and today they aren't happy about it yet.
Most of Kirchhellner are catholic (ca. 65%) - there are three churches their will be own on first of January in 2007.
There is one Lutheran church (ca. 20% of the population is Lutheran and ca. 5% are Muslims). The rest is mostly without a religion.
Religious Demographics & Churches
- Catholic: ~50% (19 churches)
- Protestant (Lutheran): ~20% (8 churches)
- Atheist/Agnostic: ~20%
- Muslim: ~5%
Notable people from Bottrop
Bottrop is twinned
- Tourcoing, France, since 1967
- Blackpool, England, United Kingdom
- Berlin-Mitte (Germany, since 1983 (first with Berlin-Wedding, which fusioned with Berlin-Tiergarten and Berlin-Mitte)
- Veszprém (Hungary, since 1987
- Merseburg, Saxony-Anhalt,Germany), since 1989
- Gliwice, Poland
Photos of Bottrop