was a name given to Philip V of Spain
supporters during the War of the Spanish Succession
. They were usually Catalan aristocrats
who wanted to increase their power from the upcoming regime that would result after Bourbon
victory. In Majorca
, the term evolved to "botifarres", who was started to be used to refer to all noblemen, independently of any national ascription.
Botifler originally referred to anyone having inflated cheeks. Later on, it designated specifically to any Bourbon supporter because the latter were said to have also inflated cheeks.
Nowadays, the term is used by Catalan nationalists to refer pejoratively to their opponents.