Boso Peninsula

Chiba Prefecture

is a prefecture of Japan located in the Greater Tokyo Area. Its capital is Chiba City.

History

Chiba Prefecture was established on June 15, 1873 with the merger of Kisarazu Prefecture and Inba Prefecture. Historically, the prefecture constituted three provinces of Awa, Kazusa, and Shimousa.

Geography

Chiba borders Ibaraki Prefecture to the north at the Tone River, Tokyo and Saitama Prefecture to the west at the Edo River, the Pacific Ocean to the east and Tokyo Bay around its southern boundary. Most of Chiba lies on the hilly Boso Peninsula, a rice farming region: the east coast, known as the Ninety-Nine League Plain, is an especially productive area. The most populous zone, in the northwest of the prefecture, is part of the Kantō region that extends into the urban agglomeration of Tokyo and Saitama. The Kuroshio Current flows near Chiba, which keep it relatively warm in winter and cooler in summer than neighbouring Tokyo.

Cities

Thirty-six cities are located in Chiba Prefecture:

Chūō-ku
Hanamigawa-ku
Inage-ku
Midori-ku
Mihama-ku
Wakaba-ku

‡ Scheduled to be dissolved after mergers.

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Kyonan

Chōnan
Chōsei
Ichinomiya
Mutsuzawa
Nagara
Shirako

Inba
Motono
Sakae
Shisui

Onjuku
Ōtaki

Kōzaki
Tako
Tōnoshō

Kujūkuri
Ōamishirasato
Shibayama
Yokoshibahikari

Mergers

Economy

Chiba is one of Japan's largest industrial areas, thanks to its long coastline on Tokyo Bay. After Chiba was chosen as the site for a major Kawasaki Steel factory in 1950, the prefectural government embarked on a large-scale land reclamation program that dredged up large plots of waterfront property for factories, warehouses, and docks. Chemical production, petrochemical refining, and machine production are the three main industries in Chiba today: together, they account for forty-five percent of the prefecture's exports. In recent years, the government has funded more than eighty industrial parks to bring development further inland as well.

The prefecture also boasts Japan's second-highest agricultural output: among all the prefectures, only Hokkaidō produces more agricultural products, and Chiba leads Hokkaidō in vegetable production. Seaweed is harvested in large quantities from Tokyo Bay.

Demographics

Chiba's population is one of the wealthiest in Japan due to the prefecture's strong commercial and industrial sectors. Per capita GDP is ¥3.1 million, the fifth-highest in the country. 70% of the population is employed in the service sector, with 25% in industry and 5% in agriculture.

Education

Chiba Prefectural Board of Education oversees municipal school districts in the prefecture; the board also directly operates public high schools in the prefecture.

Culture

Chiba in popular culture

Sports

The following sports teams are based in Chiba.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Rugby

Transportation

Most Tokyo-bound visitors arriving on international flights land in Narita International Airport, which is situated in Narita in the north of the prefecture, and connected to Tokyo by the East Japan Railway's Narita Express and the Keisei Electric Railway's Skyliner.

Railway

Tourism

The Tokyo Disney Resort is located in Urayasu near the western border of the prefecture.

Chiba is linked to Tokyo by several railway lines: the main trunk lines are the Keiyo Line and Sobu Line. The Musashino Line connects Chiba to Saitama and northern Tokyo. Southern Chiba is connected to Kanagawa Prefecture by the Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line bridge-tunnel.

Prefectural symbols

Chiba is famous for peanuts. Most of Japan's peanuts are harvested in this prefecture and are also processed into peanut oil.

External links

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