is a prefecture
located in the Greater Tokyo Area
. Its capital is Chiba City
Chiba Prefecture was established on June 15
with the merger of Kisarazu Prefecture
and Inba Prefecture
. Historically, the prefecture constituted three provinces
, and Shimousa
Chiba borders Ibaraki Prefecture
to the north at the Tone River, Tokyo
and Saitama Prefecture
to the west at the Edo River, the Pacific Ocean
to the east and Tokyo Bay
around its southern boundary. Most of Chiba lies on the hilly Boso Peninsula
, a rice
farming region: the east coast, known as the Ninety-Nine League Plain, is an especially productive area. The most populous zone, in the northwest of the prefecture, is part of the Kantō region
that extends into the urban agglomeration of Tokyo and Saitama. The Kuroshio Current
flows near Chiba, which keep it relatively warm in winter and cooler in summer than neighbouring Tokyo.
Thirty-six cities are located in Chiba Prefecture:
‡ Scheduled to be dissolved after mergers.
Towns and villages
These are the towns and villages in each district:
Chiba is one of Japan's largest industrial areas, thanks to its long coastline on Tokyo Bay. After Chiba was chosen as the site for a major Kawasaki Steel factory in 1950, the prefectural government embarked on a large-scale land reclamation program that dredged up large plots of waterfront property for factories, warehouses, and docks. Chemical production, petrochemical refining, and machine production are the three main industries in Chiba today: together, they account for forty-five percent of the prefecture's exports. In recent years, the government has funded more than eighty industrial parks to bring development further inland as well.
The prefecture also boasts Japan's second-highest agricultural output: among all the prefectures, only Hokkaidō produces more agricultural products, and Chiba leads Hokkaidō in vegetable production. Seaweed is harvested in large quantities from Tokyo Bay.
Chiba's population is one of the wealthiest in Japan due to the prefecture's strong commercial and industrial sectors. Per capita GDP is ¥3.1 million, the fifth-highest in the country. 70% of the population is employed in the service sector, with 25% in industry and 5% in agriculture.
Chiba Prefectural Board of Education
oversees municipal school districts in the prefecture; the board also directly operates public high schools in the prefecture.
Chiba in popular culture
- Novels set in Chiba include: Neuromancer by William Gibson (set in Chiba city), Ningen Shikkaku by Osamu Dazai (Funabashi), and Nogiku no Haka by Sachio Itō (Matsudo).
- Manga (comics) representations include: Be Free!, Chameleon, Kyō Kara Ore wa!!, Makuhari (set in Chiba city), Makuhari Saboten Campus (Chiba city), Susume!! Pirates, and Urayasu Tekkin Kazoku (Urayasu).
- Anime (animation) representations include: Chikyū Bōei Kazoku (set in Funabashi), Battle Programmer Shirase (Narashino), and Zegapain (Urayasu).
- TV series representations include: Kisarazu Cat's Eye (set in Kisarazu), Mio Tsukushi (Chōshi), Beach Boys (filmed in Tateyama and Shirahama (now Minamiboso) and Yappari Neko ga Suki (Chiba city).
- Various rock bands have roots that stem from the Chiba prefecture, including the popular X Japan, Plastic Tree, girugamesh and punk bands like Nicotine and Ellegarden.
The following sports teams are based in Chiba.
-bound visitors arriving on international flights land in Narita International Airport
, which is situated in Narita
in the north of the prefecture, and connected to Tokyo by the East Japan Railway
's Narita Express
and the Keisei Electric Railway
The Tokyo Disney Resort
is located in Urayasu
near the western border of the prefecture.
Chiba is linked to Tokyo by several railway lines: the main trunk lines are the Keiyo Line and Sobu Line. The Musashino Line connects Chiba to Saitama and northern Tokyo. Southern Chiba is connected to Kanagawa Prefecture by the Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line bridge-tunnel.
Chiba is famous for peanuts
. Most of Japan's peanuts are harvested in this prefecture and are also processed into peanut oil.