Borg scale

Borg scale

In athletics and other sports, the Borg Scale measures the rate of perceived exertion. Sports coaches use the scale to assess the intensity of training and competition. The original scale introduced by Gunnar Borg rated exertion on a scale of 6-20; many practitioners use a revised scale of 0-10 developed by the American College of Sports Medicine.

The Borg scale can be compared to other linear scales such as the Likert scale or a Visual Analogue Scale. The sensitivity and reproducibility of the results are broadly very similar, although the Borg may outperform the Likert scale in some cases.


  • Sports Medicine 2004; 34(14):967-981
  • Borg's Perceived Exertion and Pain Scales. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 1998
  • Borg, G, "Perceived Exertion as an indicator of somatic stress", Scandinavian journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 1970, 2(2), 92-98

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