Ramchandra Narhar Chitalkar (1918-1982) was a renowned music composer in the movie industry in India. In the composer's role, he mostly used the name C. Ramachandra, though he also used the names Annasaheb (in the movies "Bahadur Pratap", "Matwale", and "Madadgaar"), Ram Chitalkar (in the movies "Sukhi Jeevan", "Badla", "Mr. Jhatpat", "Bahadur", and "Dosti"), and Shyamoo (in the movie "Yeh Hai Duniya"). Further, he often sang and acted in Marathi movies under the name R. N. Chitalkar. For his career as an occasional playback singer he used only his surname Chitalkar. Chitalkar sang some renowned and unforgettable duets with Lata such as "Kitna Haseen Hai Mausam" in film Azad or "Shola Jo Bhadke" in Albela.
Ramachandra provided harmonium accompaniment for Minerva composers Bindu Khan and Habib Khan. He debuted as music director in Tamil movies with Jayakkodi and Vanamohini. He received public notice as a good composer in Bhagwan Dada's "Sukhi Jeevan", and established a long association that culminated with the musical box office hit "Albela".
Influenced by Benny Goodman, Ramachandra introduced in his compositions the alto sax in combination with guitar and harmonica. He also included whistling in one of his famous songs, "Aana meri jaan Sunday ke Sunday" in "Shehnai". He used a combination of a bongo, an oboe, a trumpet, a clarinet and a sax for the song "Shola Jo Bhadke" in "Albela". He sang the title song "Shin Shinaki Boobla Boo" with Lata Mangeshkar, which included rock rhythms. He provided the musical score for the scat song "Ina mina dika" in "Aasha".
Perhaps C. Ramachandra's biggest success as a music composer was the 1953 movie Anarkali starring Beena Roy in the title role and Pradeep Kumar. The songs that he composed for this movie are today legendary. Songs of this movie like "Yeh Zindagi usiki hai", "Mujhse mat pooch mere ishq main kya rakha hai", "Mohabbat aise dhadkan hain", "Jaad dard-e-ishq jaag" etc.. went on to become huge hits and were also highly acclaimed as masterpieces. In fact the ghazals composed for this movie were so much appreciated that the lyricist Majrooh Sultanpuri is said to have remarked that it was C. Ramachandra who taught the renowned music composer Naushad how to compose ghazals though his compositions for Anarkali. Anarkali also perhaps saw the famed composer-singer combine of Ramachandra and Lata Mangeshkar at their best ever together. A film critic in London who watched the movie is said to have remarked that the heroine sang like an angel without knowing that the angel was actually Lata giving playback for the actress.
The highly popular patriotic song "Aye Mere Watan Ke Logo", which was sung by Lata Mangeshkar and penned by poet Pradeep, was a composition of Ramachandra, it was later performed live, by Lata Mangeshkar, in the presence of Jawaharlal Nehru at the Ramlila grounds, in New Delhi on Republic Day, 26 January 1963 He similarly provided a memorable musical score accompanying a competition between two dancers whose roles were played by Padmini and Vyjayanthimala in the Tamil movie "Vanjikottai Vaaliban".
Ramachandra provided music compositions for a few Marathi, Telugu, Tamil, and Bhojpuri movies besides Hindi movies. In 1953, he also produced with "New Sai Produtions" three Hindi movies: "Jhanjhar", "Lehren", "Duniya Gol Hai".
In the late 1960s, Ramachandra produced two Marathi movies, "Dhananjay" and "Gharkul". He also acted in them and composed music for them.
Ramchandra wrote his autobiography in Marathi in 1977.