- ''For the mathematician, see Bernard Bolzano; for other uses, see Bolzano (disambiguation).
Bolzano (German: Bozen, archaic Botzen; Ladin: Bulsan; Bauzanum; many of the region's Italian languages/dialects use Bolzan or Bulsan) is a city in the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol region of Italy. Bolzano is the capital of the province of Bolzano-Bozen.
The Museum of Archeology in Bolzano is where the ice-mummy "Ötzi" is kept.
In 2008 Bolzano will be one of the locations in the region Trentino-Alto Adige where the seventh edition of the world renowned Manifesta, the European Biennial of Contemporary Art will be held.
The city is also the home of the Italian Army's Alpini High Command (COMALP) and some of its combat and support units.
Initially inhabited by the Raetians
, the area was settled by the Romans in 15 BC, by general Nero Claudius Drusus
, to whom referred the name of the first settlement in the area (an army camp with a bridge by the Isarco River
). The nearby founded village was called Bauzanum
. Bolzano has been a trading point since its foundation and elevation to a town over 800 years ago, due to its location in between the two major cities of Venice
. Four times a year a market was held and traders came from the south and the north. The mercantile magistrate was therefore founded in 1635. Every market season two Italian and two German officers (appointed from the traders who operated there) worked in this office. The city was a cultural crosspoint at that time.
Before World War I, Bolzano was part of the Austro-Hungarian county of Tyrol. It was annexed by Italy at the end of the war and later became capital of the autonomous Province of Bolzano-Bozen.
Society and economy
According to the 2001 census, 73% of the city inhabitants were Italian speakers. 26% speak German and 1% Ladin as their first language
. The city thrives on a mix of old and new—high-quality intensive agriculture
and dairy products
, traditional handicraft
(wood, ceramics) and advanced services
. Heavy industry
(machinery, automotive, steel) installed during the 1930s has now been mostly dismanteled. On the downside, the local economy is very dependent on the public sector
, and especially the provincial government.
Bolzano was ranked as having the second highest quality of life of Italian cities in 2007, with neighbouring Trento topping the list .
The city's Italian-Austrian character, enhanced by the narrow cobblestone streets, Habsburg
-era churches and pervasive bilingual signage give it the unique flavour of a city at crossroads between Italian and Austrian cultures. This, and its natural and cultural attractions make it a renowned tourist destination.
Among the major monuments and sights are:
For more historical and geographical information, see Province of Bolzano-Bozen.
City districts and neighboring communities
- Centro-Piani-Rencio (German: Zentrum-Bozner Boden-Rentsch)
- Don Bosco
- Europa-Novacella (German: Europa-Neustift)
- Gries-San Quirino (German: Gries-Quirein)
- Oltrisarco-Aslago (German: Oberau-Haslach)
Neighbouring communities are: Eppan an der Weinstraße, Karneid, Laives, Deutschnofen, Ritten, Jenesien, Terlan, and Vadena.
Other important nearby towns are Brixen, Bruneck and Merano.
Highway A22-E45 to Trento
and to Innsbruck
. Railway (main line between Italy and Germany).
The Bolzano Airport (IATA: BZO) has flights to Rome, Vienna, Milan and more.