Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company was an American aircraft manufacturer that went public in 1916 with Glenn Hammond Curtiss as president.
Glenn Curtiss had helped found the Aerial Experimental Association in 1907 and he created the Herring-Curtiss Company with Augustus Moore Herring in 1909; this was renamed the Curtiss Aeroplane Company in 1910.
The Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company was created January 1916 from the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of Hammondsport, New York and Curtiss Motor Company of Bath, New York. Burgess Company of Marblehead, Massachusetts, became a subsidiary in February 1916.
It became the largest aircraft manufacturer in the world during World War I, employing 18,000 in Buffalo and 3,000 in Hammondsport, New York. Curtiss produced 10,000 aircraft during that war, and more than 100 in a single week. It is particularly famous for the Curtiss JN4 two-seat biplane, one of the most popular planes of all time. Curtiss worked with the British and Canadian Allies, JN 4s were built in Canada, and many were used as trainers in England. The Curtiss flying boat the HS-2L was used extensively in the war for anti-submarine patrols. Bases were built in Nova Scotia, France and Portugal for the purpose. The Royal Navy and Curtiss worked together to make flying boats-- both used the experience to produce a line of products, this culminated with the NC-4.
During World War II, Curtiss manufactured over 3,000 Curtiss C-46 Commando transport aircraft for the US army and also the P-40 fighter, made famous by its use by Claire Chennault's Flying Tigers in China. Later in war, Curtiss also manufactured over 7,000 SB2C Helldivers.