The Bohinj Railway
is a railway
extending into Italy
. It connects Jesenice
in Slovenia with the towns of Nova Gorica
in Slovenia and Gorizia
in Italy through the Julian Alps
. It was built by Austria-Hungary
in 1904 as a strategic railway to the port of Trieste
. During the First World War
, it carried the majority of Austrian military supplies to the Isonzo Front
Due to the new political divisions of Europe and the dissolution of Austria-Hungary, the railway increasingly decreased in importance until the end of the 20th century. However, the entry of Slovenia into the European Union has resulted in new prospects for the railway as a convenient passenger and freight route from Central and Eastern Europe to the port of Trieste.
Distinctive features of the railway are the 6,339 metre-long Bohinj Tunnel under 1,498 meter high Mount Kobla and the Solkan Bridge with its 85 meter wide arch over the Soča River.
- Karol Rustja, Proga predorov (2nd edition), Železniško gospodarstvo, Odsek za muzejsko dejavnost, Ljubljana 1990.